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Open Access (free)
Identity, heritage and creative research practice in Basilicata, southern Italy

Sonic ethnography explores the role of sound-making and listening practices in the formation of local identities in the southern Italian region of Basilicata. The book uses a combination of text, photography and sound recording to investigate soundful cultural performances such as tree rituals, carnivals, pilgrimages, events promoting cultural heritage and more informal musical performances. Its approach demonstrates how in the acoustic domain tradition is made and disrupted, power struggles take place and acoustic communities are momentarily brought together in shared temporality and space. This book underlines how an attention to sound-making, recording and listening practices can bring innovative contributions to the ethnography of an area that has been studied by Italian and foreign scholars since the 1950s. The approaches of the classic anthropological scholarship on the region have become one of the forces at play in a complex field where discourses on a traditional past, politics of heritage and transnational diasporic communities interact. The book’s argument is carried forward not just by textual means, but also through the inclusion of six ‘sound-chapters’, that is, compositions of sound recordings themed so as to interact with the topic of the corresponding textual chapter, and through a large number of colour photographs. Two methodological chapters, respectively about doing research in sound and on photo-ethnography, explain the authors’ approach to field research and to the making of the book.

Islamic exorcism and psychiatry: a film monograph
Author: Christian Suhr

What is it like to be a Muslim possessed by a jinn spirit? How do you find refuge from madness and evil spirits in a place like Denmark?

As elsewhere in Europe and North America, Danish Muslims have become hypervisible through intensive state monitoring, surveillance, and media coverage. Yet their religion remains poorly understood and is frequently identified by politicians, commentators, and even healthcare specialists as the underlying invisible cause of ‘integration problems’.

Over several years Christian Suhr followed Muslim patients being treated in a Danish mosque and in a psychiatric hospital. With this book and award-winning film he provides a unique account of the invisible dynamics of possession and psychosis, and an analysis of how the bodies and souls of Muslim patients are shaped by the conflicting demands of Islam and the psychiatric institutions of European nation-states.

The book reveals how both psychiatric and Islamic healing work not only to produce relief from pain, but also entail an ethical transformation of the patient and the cultivation of religious and secular values through the experience of pain. Creatively exploring the analytic possibilities provided by the use of a camera, both text and film show how disruptive ritual techniques are used in healing to destabilise individual perceptions and experiences of agency, so as to allow patients to submit to the invisible powers of psychotropic medicine or God.

Open Access (free)
Music-making as creative intervention
Nicola Scaldaferri

, the study of non-Western and folk music has required the adoption of systems of sound recording in order to delimit an object of study in its materiality. This created a proximity with recording technologies that remains central and opened the door for further developments in the field of multimedia. The foundational experience of Béla Bartók at the beginning of the twentieth century shows a synergy between his studies of Hungarian folk music and his activity as composer; more specifically, the latter stimulated his research and became a way to make a creative use

in Sonic ethnography
Open Access (free)
Lorenzo Ferrarini and Nicola Scaldaferri

are sometimes limited spatially and temporarily to the performance, that is, they are acoustic communities (Truax 1984 : 65–66) or communities of (sonic) practice that come together around a given event and might separate after its conclusion. In this introduction we unpack how we interpret the connection between sound and the formation of local identities, starting with some clarifications on these two key terms. Subsequently, we trace the main steps in the entanglements of ethnographic research, creative practice and cultural heritage in Basilicata, providing

in Sonic ethnography
Alison Powell

may also involve creative and expressive knowledge production. Genesis of the data walkshop As this chapter discusses, walking reflections have been used by philosophers, psychogeographers, urban planners and community organisations to explore relationships between people, ideas, knowledge and space, and sometimes to locate local assets (my version of the data walk began as a teaching tool, specifically intended to provide students with a physical, spatial and sensorial experience of the ethnographic experience of data proliferation, while helping them to understand

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Christian Suhr

. As Pandolfo ( 1997 : 241) points out, the work of a healer involves standing on the edge between the visible and the invisible. Tapping into the invisible and using the ‘cinema fist’ of the Creator carries the risk of venturing astray into the idolatrous thought that by one's own power, one could be ‘self-creative’ (Sedgwick 2006 : 56; Steinbock 2007 : 212). While developed in a Catholic context, Marion's ( 2002 ) theory that the experience of God is always and necessarily predicated on absence and distance seems to hold true here. The more Abu Bilal comes to

in Descending with angels
Mark Doidge, Radosław Kossakowski, and Svenja Mintert

creative dominance of their rivals. The technological revolution in smartphones and social media provides numerous platforms for ultras to present their collective performances to a global audience. YouTube and Instagram especially provide visual opportunities to present the groups socially. Spectacular images grab the public’s attention and can go viral. In February 2019, prior to their must-win Europa League match against Fenerbahçe, ultras of Zenit St Petersburg lined the road leading up to the Gazprom Arena. As the team bus drove past, each fan lit a flare to provide

in Ultras
Polish and Italian mothers in Norway
Lise Widding Isaksen and Elżbieta Czapka

see a great advantage in that, actually I see only the benefits of spending time outside … While inside, where the space is limited by walls or by the toys that are all around, then how children play is less creative. Joanna implies that compared to Norway, children in Polish kindergartens do not spend enough time outside. The other study participants share the same view. While Joanna pays attention to the connection between space and intellectual development, Kasia emphasises a

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Open Access (free)
Towards a sonic ethnography of the Maggio festival in Accettura
Lorenzo Ferrarini and Nicola Scaldaferri

developing his double role of researcher and performer in the direction of a more engaged and experimental creative practice (see chapter 6 ). The sonic ethnography of the Maggio also resulted in two CDs, each providing a distinct approach and contribution. The first consists of a seventy minute soundscape composition by Feld, divided into six tracks. Recording through Dimensional Stereo Microphones (see Ferrarini 2017 ), Feld used his body as an emplaced ‘point of listening’ (Scaldaferri 2015 : 377) to balance the different sound sources within a very wide

in Sonic ethnography
Christian Suhr

healing as related to the function of human agency and self-creativity, as in Whyte and Callan's analyses, as well as Taussig's emphasis on the constructed nature of the social fact. If we take the principal object of anthropology to be essentially human in nature, this attention to the creative powers of humans should not come as a surprise. However, as Mattingly ( 2010 ) asserts, this has not always been the case. In rejecting the grand schemes of previously dominant schools such as structuralism and Marxism, anthropologists have for some

in Descending with angels