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Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

6 Creative survival as subversion I Solidarities and creative tactics against ‘conditions of death’1 n the DRC, the exercise and consolidation of state authority does not necessarily imply social transformation or a real commitment of the state to impose itself but, rather, the management of state absences and state presences through a plurality of authorities. Still, the patterns of coercion and extraction that have followed from the 20 years of conflict, with the different state-making and peacebuilding processes, determine the conditions for the

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
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Germany in American post-war International Relations
Felix Rösch

Depression and the entry of the US into the two World Wars had challenged their self-understanding. 78 As summed up by Holborn: ‘America was in a state of crisis. Would the German immigration have happened ten years earlier, its intellectual outcome would probably have been marginal … as intellectual questions would not have been of much concern in a prosperous country.’ 79 As a consequence, calibrating between external and existing knowledge, American scholars and émigrés were encouraged to rethink their commonly accepted knowledge, leading to creative meaning

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

one. The hidden transcript runs through Mai Mai militias, justifications for tax evasion and in the undertaking of a myriad of creative survival strategies. Underlying these tactics is a process of de-legitimisation, of advancing alternative agendas and raising political aspirations. These discourses and the political alternatives embedded within them are realised not just in mechanisms of critique and the voicing of aspirations, but in the processes of denial and mitigation undertaken for navigating a context of violence and poverty. 124 Claims to authority and

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

also take the form of subversion, including redefining the ideals 183 Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making embedded in the peacebuilding discourse, using armed groups to protect oneself or mitigating the dominating effects of military rule through negotiation and creative survival. The Scottian claim-regarding practices address elite claims directly. The Certeaunian ‘self-regarding’ practices identify acts that deny or mitigate elite claims indirectly. These acts have the self (individual or collective) at the centre of the action. By using or

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Open Access (free)
Resistance and the liberal peace: a missing link
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

by rural communities to provide security; and creative survival practices that range from tax evasion to land reappropriation and the provision of all sorts of social services. Scott has often been criticised on the grounds that intentions are ungraspable, that resistance acts are too ambiguous and ambivalent to serve as a category of analysis and that he excessively simplifies social reality (Hibou 2011a: Ch. 1; Mbembe 2001: 103–8; Ortner 1995; Weaver Shipley 2010: 666). In response to these critiques, which have also concluded that resistance does not exist or is

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
A view from below
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

resonates with Africanist critiques seen above (Hibou 2011a; Mbembe 2001: Ch. 3; Mbembe in Weaver Shipley 2010: 666). Because resistance, and especially its intentions, is ambiguous, Ortner proposes to 64 Patterns and practices of everyday resistance account for the multiple ways in which practices can be ‘creative and transformative’, yet be the result of contradictory and mixed intentions (1995: 190–1). By this account, intentions may not be central and may provide a richer account of other aspects in everyday human relations, but doing away with intention undermines

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
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Lorena De Vita

products promised to be cheaper and just as good. But there was a problem. A 1948 peace agreement signed between Finland and the Soviet Union committed the Helsinki government to hindering any future German rearmament plans. A Finnish–West German arms deal risked seriously irking the Soviets, with potentially disastrous consequences. How could the five avoid upsetting the Soviets and at the same time seal the deal between the Finnish firm and the West German Defence Ministry? Shlomo Zabludowicz suggested a creative answer to this thorny question. Polish

in Israelpolitik
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Lorena De Vita

more than thirty books and sixty screenplays, free to move between East and West Germany, and one of the very few East Germans to be able to indulge in a passion for expensive cars, Kaul demonstrated a creative approach to agitprop that was possibly without equal in the workers’ and builders’ state. Just four days after Ben-Gurion’s announcement of the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem, Kaul had written to Heinz Stadler, one of Albert Norden’s closest collaborators, pitching his ideas about how to approach the upcoming event. 44 ‘I have had the impression that

in Israelpolitik
Lesley Pruitt and Erica Rose Jeffrey

. Likewise, we believe these themes deserve more investigation in the service of peacebuilding, so we aim to begin that journey in this chapter. To date, practitioner self-care is underexplored in Peace and Conflict Studies, even though peacebuilders themselves could benefit immensely from further enquiry in this area, which could in turn strengthen the depth and quality of their work as facilitators for peace. Indeed, the research for this book has suggested that, through dance and creative movement, participants had an opportunity to experience themselves in a way that

in Dancing through the dissonance
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Lesley Pruitt and Erica Rose Jeffrey

As a musician who works for peace, ‘unity’ holds less interest for me than ‘harmony.’ Unity is when we all sing the same note. Harmony is when we sing different notes, and they are beautiful together. David Lamotte, musician and peace activist This quote from David Lamotte points to important aesthetic and creative considerations. It also highlights some

in Dancing through the dissonance