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Stephen Benedict Dyson

’ experience in Afghanistan – the iconic image of which was special operatives on horseback acting as spotters for laser-guided missiles – made him a convert. Rumsfeld moulded Franks into a general who was creative in terms of doctrine and from whom he could expect a constructive reaction to questions. Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, who as a member of the Defence Policy Board knew both men and observed

in Leaders in conflict
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Sandra Buchanan

concept of cultural violence, defined as ‘those aspects of culture … that can be used to justify or legitimize direct or structural violence’. 8 Innovatively, Galtung defined peace as ‘nonviolent and creative conflict transformation … to know about peace we have to know about conflict and how conflicts can be transformed, both nonviolently and creatively’. 9 Until Galtung

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Josefina A. Echavarria

differentiation of distantiation of one group from another does not require that their relationship be one of violence’ (Campbell, 1998: 70). Danger can be experienced ‘positively as well as negatively: it can be a creative force, “a call to being”, that provides access to the world’ (ibid.: 81). In a similar tone, Edward Said (2003a: xxix) calls attention to the ‘slow working together of cultures that overlap

in In/security in Colombia
Sandra Buchanan

regulations and EU jurisdiction over US money. The evidence presented has also highlighted the importance of local consultation and the inclusion of the most disadvantaged and marginalised if the root causes of conflict are to be tackled. However, while local conditions should determine specific actions, central guidelines are necessary to ensure the generation of creative actions while

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Sandra Buchanan

and cultural. However, each will continually enable and reinforce the other providing ‘recognition that there are different ways of dealing with conflicts and that violence is only one possible approach … vital if we are to search and find more creative, more constructive and more viable approaches to dealing with conflict’. 18 In distinguishing conflict from violence

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Managing the great power relations trilemma
Graeme P. Herd

minority entrepreneurial and creative class unable to function at home in the face of a state-sponsored ‘sovereign democracy’ ideology morphed into triumphalist conservative nationalism, in the context of an ongoing chronic state of emergency. Second, Russia has instrumentalised the Ukrainian crisis to consolidate its wider conception of an alternative conservative national

in Violence and the state
Implications for neutrality and sovereignty
Christine Agius

’ style, where Sweden is no longer seen as the radical critic on the international stage but the ‘unthinking ally of Washington’ (Oberg, 2001 ; Ramachandaran, 2001 ). For Oberg, ‘Sweden has lost its creative grasp on global concerns and its solidarity with the disadvantaged and finds security in following the herd.’ (2000) The change in doctrine also brought the issue of

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
Peter Shirlow, Jonathan Tonge, James McAuley, and Catherine McGlynn

base has been attached to creative cultural mediums and organisational structures that sought to define collective identity (Shirlow and McGovern 1998). The IRA deployed the language of community to not only instill nationalist ‘unity’, but to also establish hegemony within the nationalist community. The building of such hegemony has been partly achieved through recent electoral politics, with Sinn Féin

in Abandoning historical conflict?
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Ana E. Juncos

. This entails the possibility of creative agency, i.e. actors are capable of learning from past experiences and new information, and are able to adapt and respond to structural pressures (Bulmer, 1998 ; Aspinwall and Schneider, 2001 ). Learning enables actors to correct some errors or unintended consequences and to introduce incremental changes. According to Jack Levy ( 1994 : 283), learning refers to

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia
David Bolton

scene for what follows, and to describe some of the key responses by the Omagh community and its agencies to the crisis of the bombing and its anticipated long-term implications. The responses to the bombing were a feature of the moment, of the personal and community tragedy it represented and the political crisis it gave rise to. The responses were often spontaneous, intuitive and creative, with the unexpected and

in Conflict, peace and mental health