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Brad Evans

battles, its pronouncements are never objective, self-evident or universally applied ( Evans, 2013 ). Arendt’s claim that violence can be justified but never legitimate must be reversed: violence is often legitimated in political arenas and juridical courts; but it can never be justified through an invocation of justice, except where the latter is limited to a reductive juridical paradigm. Justice is not law ( Derrida, 1992 ). Justice is the ability to live a life with dignity and free from lawful violence. Justice in this regard is not the end of power. It is an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Adrian Millar

critical of his exclusion of the pre-Oedipal mother’s role in the construction of meaning and culture. Cixous, Irigaray and Derrida also build on Lacanian ideas without accepting all of Lacan’s insights. For a critique of the Saussurean approach, see Craig Brandist, The Bakhtin Circle: Philosophy, Culture and Politics (London: Pluto Press, 2002 ). For critiques of Lacanian

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Naomi Head

of language, feminism, and the continental philosophy of those such as Foucault and Derrida, among many others. 1 As a leading proponent of the linguistic turn whose work has been substantially appropriated by IR scholars, the significance Habermas accords to communicative action in the public sphere makes this an appropriate place from which to further develop the analytic

in Justifying violence
Iver B. Neumann

meanings be attached. To the Iroquois, the visuals of wampum seem to have been to the spoken word what writing is to the spoken word in literate cultures. In both cases, at formal occasions between two communities, the two go together. In both cases, the spoken word takes second place. The key difference seems to be that whereas in Western tradition, as demonstrated best by Derrida ( 1978 ; also Goody 1986 ), a strong current from the ancient Greeks onwards has always favoured the spoken word (logocentrism), in Iroquois tradition this does not seem to be the case

in Diplomatic tenses
Abstract only
The end of International Relations?
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

Barthes, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Jean-François Lyotard, Gilles Deleuze – several of them members of a circle surrounding the radical French journal Tel-Quel. They were variously referred to under collective labels like postmodernists or post-structuralists. Their influence soon spread. During the early 1980s, when IR theory was heavily influenced by structuralist approaches, critics emerged who had been steeped in French post-structuralism. In 1984 , for example, Richard Ashley used post-structuralist arguments to write a stinging critique of

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)