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Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
Jon Shute

4 Moral discourse and action in relation to the corpse: integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence Jon Shute Introduction: the moral–emotional ‘work’ of serious crime in peacetime and in conflict In stable, late-modern societies, crimes are adjudicated breaches of morality formally defined in law. They are variable in content across place and time, and do not always have a readily identifiable victim or definitions that have the informal moral support of the population; however, many of the most serious offences against the person and property

in Human remains and mass violence
Stewart Allen

departments, learn new skills and travel to distant field centres in other parts of India. Her story, however, also alerts us to the transformations in outlook and self that result from learning and working in spaces of global knowledge production. As Klenk (2004) has noted elsewhere, in neoliberal development discourse the figure of the ‘female selfmaximising entrepreneur’ as someone who is empowered and has a voice has entered common usage in recent years, orienting the behaviour and comportment of women in development towards the free market and entrepreneurial ends. In

in An ethnography of NGO practice in India
The shifting boundaries of politics in Norwegian healthcare
Anette Fagertun

in positive terms as a more ‘flexible labour market’ (Breman and Linden 2014 , Standing 2014 , Bergene and Hansen 2016 , Moen 2018 ). The chapter is based on data from fieldwork in three Norwegian municipalities, and on analysis of discourse emerging through white and green papers on healthcare. It aims to show how changing boundaries of politics create a ‘shifting institutional ecology’ which opens up the way for precarity. Fieldwork was conducted at nursing homes (NHs) in three municipalities from 2016 to 2018. Data was collected through

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Politics, values, and in/exclusionary practices in assisted reproduction
Izabella Main

to reproductive healthcare, and especially a few cases of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). The chapter starts with methodological and theoretical issues. The next two parts of the chapter discuss reproductive politics in Poland in relation to ARTs and discourses on migration, depopulation, and reproduction. I ask how reproduction is influenced by regulations of changing state and local governments, how the Polish state regulates women's bodies and supports biological reproduction of the nation, and how the state relates to migrating women when they (and

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Open Access (free)
Deaths at sea and unidentified bodies in Lesbos
Iosif Kovras and Simon Robins

understandings of the border. We then discuss the case of Lesbos, exploring how the study of the management of dead migrants can shed light on the political and bodily experience of border crossing. It will be shown how the different policies of the state to the crossing of the border by a dead migrant or a live one, as well as the difference in response to a dead citizen and a dead migrant, introduce novel categories of inclusion and exclusion. In the final part of the chapter, we highlight the divergence between the state-led discourse of migration as a threat and its

in Migrating borders and moving times
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Nigel Eltringham

8 Display, concealment and ‘culture’: the disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide Nigel Eltringham Introduction In their ethnography of violent conflict, ‘cultures of terror’ 1 and genocide, anthropologists have recognized that violence is discursive. The victim’s body is a key vehicle of that discourse. In contexts of inter-ethnic violence, for example, ante-mortem degradation and/or post-mortem mutilation are employed to transform the victim’s body into a representative example of the ethnic category, the manipulation of the body enabling the

in Human remains and mass violence
Abstract only
Liene Ozoliņa

Politics of waiting someone’s lack of agency in a situation even when their life depended on it. And she saw it as her job at the unemployment office, too, to shake people out of such a state of disempowerment. I had been sceptical of the psychological discourse of empowerment that I had encountered at the unemployment office. The rhetoric of always having a choice and ‘just needing action’ appeared to be an ideological tool. Yet, it had been 1.5 years since the fieldwork. and I had felt that my writing was failing to fully access what was really at stake for the people

in Politics of waiting
Notes on developing a photo-ethnographic practice in Basilicata
Lorenzo Ferrarini

collective Kalura, for which they become symbols of counterhegemonic resistance ( image 7.3 ). If the images were originally produced as part of an orientalist discourse, then today they have been re-appropriated – often reproducing essentialist depictions – and sometimes turned on their head by exploiting the positive components often present in discourses of exoticism (Kalantzis 2019 ). Developing a relational photographic practice Thanks to the histories outlined above, many amateur and professional photographers working in Basilicata claim an ethnographic, and

in Sonic ethnography
Open Access (free)
Identity, heritage and creative research practice in Basilicata, southern Italy

Sonic ethnography explores the role of sound-making and listening practices in the formation of local identities in the southern Italian region of Basilicata. The book uses a combination of text, photography and sound recording to investigate soundful cultural performances such as tree rituals, carnivals, pilgrimages, events promoting cultural heritage and more informal musical performances. Its approach demonstrates how in the acoustic domain tradition is made and disrupted, power struggles take place and acoustic communities are momentarily brought together in shared temporality and space. This book underlines how an attention to sound-making, recording and listening practices can bring innovative contributions to the ethnography of an area that has been studied by Italian and foreign scholars since the 1950s. The approaches of the classic anthropological scholarship on the region have become one of the forces at play in a complex field where discourses on a traditional past, politics of heritage and transnational diasporic communities interact. The book’s argument is carried forward not just by textual means, but also through the inclusion of six ‘sound-chapters’, that is, compositions of sound recordings themed so as to interact with the topic of the corresponding textual chapter, and through a large number of colour photographs. Two methodological chapters, respectively about doing research in sound and on photo-ethnography, explain the authors’ approach to field research and to the making of the book.

From colonial to cross-cultural psychiatry in Nigeria
Matthew M. Heaton

international programmes in cross-cultural psychiatric research over the period from the 1950s to 1970s. Lambo ultimately helped to cement a mental health care paradigm originating from the global North, in Nigeria, in ways that significantly expanded upon the colonial model. However, at the same time he adapted that paradigm to better fit local circumstances, and those adaptations in turn recirculated into the global discourse, affecting the way psychiatrists around the world thought about the nature and treatment of mental illness. The development of mental health

in Global health and the new world order