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Mark Hampton

entrepreneurial energies. This chapter will point to a complementary discourse, one that underscored planned modernisation. Bringing order to the urban jungle Descriptions of Hong Kong regularly highlighted the confusing, disorderly spectacle of the urban areas, and the role of British administrators or cultural authorities in establishing order in them. Such disorder could vary in danger

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
Changes in discursive practices and their social implications
Françoise Dufour

The period between the end of the First World War and the independence of African nations around 1960 was marked by the passage from a colonial Discourse 2 based on ‘progress of civilisation’ (‘progrès de la civilisation’) to a post-colonial Discourse based on ‘development’, in which the development of Africa (‘développement de l’Afrique’) 3

in Developing Africa
Anandi Ramamurthy

creating and supplying the new tastes were concerned to sell not just their own product, but also the world system which produced it. 2 It is not just the power of these often ephemeral images that makes analysing these advertisements valuable. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries discourses on ‘race’ and colonialism found

in Imperial persuaders
Stephanie Barczewski

nineteenth centuries, we can see the discourse surrounding it taking shape alongside the effort to create a truly national style. On the one hand, this effort endorsed the purging of foreign models, leading to a turn away from neoclassicism and towards the gothic in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, as British architects looked to their own national history for precedent and inspiration

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930
Heather Streets

Gurkhas as inherently martial men revived connections initially made during the Rebellion of 1857. As a result, the discourse of martial races re-entered the public lexicon and inspired others – both military and civilian – to use its seductive imagery of masculinity, courage and honour with increasing frequency. By the end of the nineteenth century, the connections between ‘martial’ Sikhs

in Martial races
Mark Hampton

110 years ago Hong Kong was nothing more than a home for fishermen and a refuge for pirates – a barren brown rock?’. 15 Subsequent chapters will address the theme of Hong Kong as a British creation, virtually ex nihilo , in the context of tropes of modernisation and good government. This chapter, by contrast, will emphasise the discourse of economic freedom. Hong Kong was imagined as a site

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
Chloe Campbell

of their work. Essential to this context is the role of eugenic thought and scientific racism in Kenyan discourses on human biology and its social implications. McCulloch has discussed Gordon in some detail in the book Colonial Psychiatry and ‘the African Mind’ , placing him in the tradition of colonial psychiatry in Africa, largely because of the parallels that can be made between Gordon and the

in Race and empire
Stephanie Barczewski

This chapter focuses on three colonial commodities in particular: pineapples, tea and Chinese porcelain. From the beginnings of European colonisation of the New World, pineapples were identified as a desirable commodity. The expense required to produce tropical fruit in Britain's non-tropical climate meant that pineapples remained accessible only to the elite. In the world of the country house, tea consumption became an important social ritual requiring specially designated spaces and accoutrements. Pineapples, tea and Chinese porcelain demonstrate that colonial commodities were not only consumables. Their cultural presence was sufficiently powerful that they had a significant impact on the social and aesthetic world of the country house. The adoption of pineapples, tea and Chinese porcelain as symbols of elite wealth and prestige required the acknowledgement that colonial commodities could function as the determinants of fashion in Britain.

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930
Stephanie Barczewski

Holger Hoock has recently examined the emergence of a public, state-sponsored political, military and imperial culture in Britain between 1750 and 1850. Already by the mid-eighteenth century, there was a long tradition of country-house commemorations of military and naval victories. As Berrington demonstrates, country-house owners found it difficult to deal with the central issues of the American Revolution. The nature of Captain James Cook's exploits, however, which did not occur in the context of war but, rather, were directed towards the exploration of unknown territory, made his commemoration different from celebrations of victory. After Seringapatam, there would be more commemorations of victories over colonial foes. The early imperial commemorations of Admiral Edward Vernon and Admiral George Anson were all in houses owned by the admirals themselves or by their relatives.

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930
Stephanie Barczewski

This chapter examines four collections amassed by Viceroys of India, comparing and contrasting two pairs who served consecutive terms: George Curzon and Minto and Lords Dufferin and Lansdowne. These four Viceroys, Curzon, Minto, Dufferin and Lansdowne, all amassed extensive collections of Indian objects in a manner that displayed their attitudes towards both empire and metropolis. Curzon's collection evinced his perception of the subcontinent as romantic, archaic and in need of clear hierarchical authority. Minto's was the collection of a pragmatic late imperial administrator who recognised the realities of Indian politics and, in particular, the challenge posed by growing nationalism. Dufferin saw India from an Irish perspective, because for him Ireland was as much a part of the metropolis as was the rest of Britain. His collection at Clandeboye reflected both his commitment to imperial service as an Irishman and his sense of the 'otherness' of the colonial world.

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930