Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye
). They relied on grassroots
community actors, classic figures of humanitarian work or development ( Olivier de Sardan, 2005 ): chiefs, women,
elders and youths seen as legitimate actors, able to both represent and influence
the ‘community’ – that is, to be intermediaries of community
engagement between the intervention and local populations. This article shows how
both the legitimacy of these actors embodying the response and eventually the
intervention itself was contested
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE
-and-rescue missions. But it is citizen movements that have been at the
forefront of the emergency response. Similarly inspired by cosmopolitan ideals, these groups tend
to use more political language than conventional NGOs, presenting their relief activities as a
form of direct resistance to nationalist politics and xenophobia. As liberal humanitarianism is
challenged in its European heartland, they are developing – through practice – a
new model of humanitarian engagement.
SOS MEDITERRANEE is an ad hoc citizen initiative founded in 2015 to prevent the death of
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders
different and revolve more around how to organise effective coordination than around trade-offs in engaging with armed actors in an active conflict zone ( Bollettino and Anders, 2018 ). Humanitarian organisations have to balance potential benefits from working with militaries (e.g. access to hard to reach locations, protection for staff and assets) with potential risks (such as risks to reputation and access if they are seen to associate themselves with an armed actor, particularly if the military is also involved in the conflict).
Effective engagement between
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
address existing knowledge gaps by identifying all publicly available evaluation reports, analysing the landscape of evaluation in South Sudan, and synthesising the lessons learned. In so doing, this article attempts to synthesise evidence and lessons from evaluation reports, as a means to support better-informed decision making and to facilitate learning across donors and organisations. In addition to applicability in South Sudan, the lessons may be useful for engagement in other fragile and conflict-affected contexts.
Unlike academic repositories, there are few
protect its teams, MSF wrote to
the Syrian government to inform it of its intervention (see page 10).
On 19 July 2012, the different rebel groups launched a major offensive on the
city of Aleppo in an attempt to seize the country’s second city before
attacking the capital. This military engagement led MSF to question its
geographical positioning in Atmeh, 80 km west of Aleppo. The violent fighting
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair
-making at home
and in the field? Could a more robust engagement with humanitarianism as an
historical phenomenon help us to better navigate the contemporary aid environment?
If so, what steps can we take to translate the lessons of the past into future
This article outlines the results of a pilot project conducted by Trócaire and
National University of Ireland (NUI) Galway on using history as a tool for
policy-making in the humanitarian sector. It begins
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
the humanitarian sector. We set out our own ‘responsible ambition’ ( Elrha, 2018b ) for humanitarian innovation in 2018 with ethics, participation and local engagement as areas of key concern.
The articles by Hunt et al. and Sandvik (Innovation Issue) refer to ethical concerns with the introduction of new actors, practices and technologies along with innovation to the humanitarian sector and the risks involved, particularly for communities affected by crises. As Sandvik notes:
Experimental innovation in the testing and application of new technologies and
southern Europe has attracted global attention, Australia also receives a sizeable
number of refugees, who are the focus of the book. Since it is not clear why and how
individuals from refugee backgrounds engage in digital-technology use, Leung presents
pertinent questions. How do individuals from refugee backgrounds interpret digital
technology? What actions describe their engagement in digital-technology use? How do
they negotiate the restrictions imposed during displacement, especially in detention
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna
concerns in humanitarian action. They are
linked to justice in information distribution and the capacity for two-way
communication among crisis responders, and between local populations and responders.
As well as avoiding various harms, linguistic mediation supports other values held
to be important by humanitarian actors, including inclusivity, accountability,
dignity, community engagement and respect ( Crack
et al. , 2018 ). The ethics of crisis translation also
Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States’ sheds light on the complexity of working in fragile and conflict-affected contexts. However, complexity is not just an assessment of the reality that leads to a positive action. As the global and national response to the sequence of Covid-19 outbreaks has shown, complexity often triggers an opposite reaction – sometimes unconscious, sometimes deliberate – not to fully engage with reality and the individual and collective responsibility of tackling the challenges in front of us. Cochrane’s synthesis identifies a