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Imaginaries, power, connected worlds
Jeremy C.A. Smith

79 4 Inter-​civilisational engagement: imaginaries, power, connected worlds Chapter  4 of Debating Civilisations outlines the conceptual framework of inter-​ civilisational engagement, thus establishing the groundwork for the deeper studies of Part II. The stress in Part II is on a new approach that critically harnesses the best research in civilisational analysis, history and sociology that focuses on interaction between civilisations.The new approach joins existing civilisational analysis with an appreciation of the imaginary creation of forms of interaction

in Debating civilisations
Rob Manwaring

7 Engagement at the regional level The fallacy of expertise bedevils public policy. Mark Bevir, 2010 ‘Strategic Labor government’ at the regional level National-level Labour governments in both Britain and Australia are amongst a number of centre-left governments rediscovering an interest in democratic renewal. As we saw in the previous chapter, both parties remain formally committed to this agenda of democratic innovation, and their own consultative experiments, despite a number of significant flaws, reveal an appetite for engagement and renewal. The search

in The search for democratic renewal
Perspectives on civilisation in Latin America
Jeremy C.A. Smith

151 7 Engagement in the cross-​currents of history: perspectives on civilisation in Latin America In this chapter, I  explore Latin American experiences that shed light on the engagement of civilisations. Most of the theoretical engagements canvassed in Part I either sequester Latin American experiences or do not do them justice. In the past, Latin America has been judged poorly when questions of its civilisational character have been asked. Scholars in modernisation studies and area studies influenced by Louis Hartz’s The Founding of New Societies saw the sub

in Debating civilisations
An interview with Liz O’Donnell
Graham Spencer

constitutional change and then give back nothing. And if you had to use other points to support that, what did they tend to be? The other points would be that we respect that people are nervous about North–South engagement but you have to look at things in the totality and the other things that are on the table, like the principle of consent, the jurisdiction and the

in Inside Accounts, Volume II
Jeremy C.A. Smith

169 8 Japan in engagement and the discourses of civilisation If civilisational analysis is lacking with respect to Latin America, it has been far from inattentive when it comes to Japan. In previous chapters, Japan serves as an illustration of theoretical engagements with civilisational analysis, as well as illustrating different points of my own argument. The frequent choice of Japan is no coincidence: it has been a focal point of investigation for comparativists in the humanities, the social sciences and political economy with an interest in civilisations

in Debating civilisations
Ayla Göl

5 New rules of engagement between Ankara and Moscow in the East As stated in the previous chapter, after the final defeat of the Ottoman Empire in October 1918, the Turkish nationalists proceeded to establish their authority in 1919 and determined the main goals of the nationalist movement in the National Pact of April 1920. In this document, the eastern provinces of Elviye-­i Selase (Kars, Ardahan and Batum) were accepted as an integral part of the Turkish state. While this goal was inherited from the previous CUP policies, a radical break with these policies

in Turkey facing east
The politics of consultation in Britain and Australia
Author: Rob Manwaring

This book attempts to understand how two sister centre-left parties, the British Labour Party and the Australian Labor Party (ALP), have sought to adapt to the modern era and effect changes. It identifies and examines a range of drivers for Labour's desire to experiment and find new forms of citizen engagement. Linked to the influence of the New Social Democracy (NSD) is the lingering legacy of the new public management (NPM) reforms implemented in the public sectors in both countries. For Labour, democratic renewal is an attempt to secure wider legitimacy in neoliberal settings; similarly, the NSD is also linked to the debates about the perceived shift from government to governance. The NSD has attempted to respond to these debates and in Britain a concerted effort has been made to reformulate the role of the state and, by extension, civil society. The book examines how far the NSD has influenced Labour governments in Britain and Australia. It establishes Labour's interest in democratic renewal, specifically, the role of political participation and civic engagement in the wider context of democratic theory. Given that the NSD calls for an 'active citizenry', this is important. A central motif of democratic theory is an ambivalence about the role of political participation in a modern liberal democratic polity. The book explores how far New Social Democratic governments in Britain and Australia have been successful in seeking to link new forms of public dialogue to existing democratic decision-making processes in the modern western world.

Open Access (free)
Interrogating civilisational analysis in a global age

Contemporary civilisational analysis has emerged in the post-Cold War period as a forming but already controversial field of scholarship. This book focuses on the scholarship produced in this field since the 1970s. It begins with anthropological axioms posited by Ibn Khaldun, Simon Bolivar and George Pachymeres. Three conceptual images of civilisations are prominent in the field. First, civilisations are conceived as socio-cultural units, entities or blocs in an 'integrationist' image. They emerge out of long-term uneven historical processes. Finally, in a 'relational' image civilisations are believed to gain definition and institute developmental patterns through inter-societal and inter-cultural encounters. The book traces the history of semantic developments of the notions of 'civilisation' and 'civilisations' coextensive with the expansion of Europe's empires and consubstantial with colonialism. Early modernities are more important in the long formation of capitalism. Outlining the conceptual framework of inter-civilisational engagement, the book analytically plots the ties instituted by human imaginaries across four dimensions of inter-civilisational engagement. It also interrogates the relationship between oceans, seas and civilisations. Oceanian civilisation exhibits patterns of deep engagement and connection. Though damaged, Pacific cultures have invoked their own counter-imaginary in closer proximity to past islander experiences. Collective memory provides resources for coping with critical issues. The book also explores Latin American and Japanese experiences that shed light on the engagement of civilisations, applying the model of inter-civilisational engagement to modern perspectives in culture and the arts, politics, theology and political economy.

Rob Manwaring

to Oscar Wilde The New Social Democracy in its variant forms in both Australia and Britain is experimenting with the ideas of participation, ­democracy and consultation. In both countries, there is willingness by c­ entre-left ­governments to search for new mechanisms to enable citizen ­engagement with the policy-making process. As outlined in the ­previous ­chapter, these are responses to both the dominance of ­ neoliberalism and the impact of the new public management. While there has been a proliferation of such initiatives in many countries (see Barnes et al

in The search for democratic renewal
Abstract only
Allyn Fives

with legitimacy? For example, how can we be said to have a warrant for the sacrifice of negative freedom in the name of personal autonomy? In this book I will be returning again and again to these two key purposes of political theory. In particular, I concentrate on the following two interrelated questions: How should we conceptualise freedom? And how should we respond to moral conflict? But I address these questions in what may seem like an indirect manner, namely through a critical engagement with Judith Shklar's work. I

in Judith Shklar and the liberalism of fear