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A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

perceived chiefs and customary law as closer to communities than central government, but they called for reform ( Fanthorpe, 2006 ). On the eve of the Ebola outbreak, therefore, chiefs maintained their power but it was not unchallenged. Historical divisions between Americo- and African-Liberians have marked the fight for power and socio-political identities in Liberia ( Ellis, 1999 ). During the political instability of the 1980s and the fourteen years of civil war (1989–2003), these

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

. Notes 1 (accessed 7 January 2020). 2 The details are analysed in this article, as the categorization of ‘evaluation’ by ReliefWeb differs from that used in this report (being much more flexible) and the USAID search function appears to include text references to nations, and the results require assessment, as was done for the evaluation reports on South Sudan included in this study. Bibliography ACF [Action Against Hunger] . ( 2011 ), An Evaluation of ACF

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Lorena De Vita

doubt about the stable and renewed character of the West German state. On the night of Christmas Eve 1959, the external walls of the synagogue in Cologne were smeared in red painted swastikas and anti-Semitic invective. In the weeks that followed, a multitude of anti-Semitic episodes – over 800 in seven weeks – occurred across the Federal Republic. The reaction to such numerous incidents, as described by the journalist Walter Hirsch, highlighted what at the time seemed to be the most disturbing elements of the wave of anti-Semitic events: We were told – and by

in Israelpolitik
Abstract only
Charles T. Hunt

), Peacebuilding and Friction: Global and Local Encounters in Post Conflict Societies ( Abingdon : Routledge ), 32–47 . Mitchell , Melanie ( 2011 ), Complexity: A Guided Tour ( Oxford : Oxford University Press ). Mitleton-Kelly , Eve ( 2003 ), ‘ Ten principles of complexity and enabling infrastructures ’, in Eve Mitleton-Kelly (ed.), Complex Systems and

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory
Ahmad H. Sa’di

socialist party (Mapai) among the Arabs. According to another, the Arabs are still incapable of establishing a political party by themselves, and we have to act among them by a way of deception. We need to bring some Arab leaders from abroad (refugees), who are influential among the Arabs and who can control them by oppression. ... The two Arab Knesset members have no popular support and we cannot count on them. (The Political Committee, 19 January 1950:9) Indeed, on the eve of the elections for the second Knesset – held on 30 July 1951 – there was a feeling among

in Thorough surveillance
International Relations theory and the study of UN peace operations
Mats Berdal

Interventionism, 1991–1994: United Nations Experience in Cambodia, Former Yugoslavia and Somalia ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press ). Norwegian Institute for International Affairs ( 1964 ), The Oslo Papers ( Oslo : The Norwegian Institute for International Affairs ). O’Brien , Conor Cruise ( 1994 ), On the Eve of the Millennium ( New York : Free Press ). O’Brien , Conor Cruise

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory
Rodney Tiffen

countries. As the war approached, there was a high level of commonality in the rhetoric and claims of the three governments. Iraq’s possession of WMD was the central Australian Government rationale for the invasion. As John Howard said on the eve of war, “I would have to accept that if Iraq had genuinely disarmed, I couldn’t justify on its own a military invasion of Iraq to change

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Decisionmaking, intelligence, and the case for war in Iraq
Mark Phythian

Notwithstanding his public statements from April to September 2002, the claims made in the September 2002 dossier, his threat presentation on the eve of war, and his explanation of the war’s origins as lying in intelligence to the Hutton inquiry, Blair was subsequently obliged to shift his ground. Unlike the Hutton inquiry, the Butler inquiry had access to intelligence material. Counter to the impression given

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Ronit Lentin

my own – is a symptom of a melancholic longing for a lost Israeli innocence. Memory and identity In May 2009, on the eve of Israel’s 61st anniversary, Columbia University Teachers College published a study1 according to which 47 per cent of Israeli Jews surveyed about the 1948 Nakba ‘believe expulsions took place’. While ‘46 per cent believe that Israel and the Arab/Palestinian people have been equally responsible for the outbreak and continuation of the conflict’, 43 per cent upheld the Zionist narrative primarily blaming the Arab/Palestinian people, and 4 per

in Co-memory and melancholia
Abstract only
Why a history of International Relations theory?
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

. Then there are International Relations authors who are not entirely forgotten but who have slid into partial oblivion. They live the life of the undead. Their texts are twilight classics, whose arguments are surrounded by myth and misunderstanding. One of these is Norman Angell, who warned against the threat of impending catastrophe on the eve of World War I. He began his most famous book, The Great Illusion [ 1910 ], with a warning: namely, that growing tension among Europe’s Great Powers made war likely. And if war should break out, Angell continued, the result

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)