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Dino Kritsiotis

September 2001, never more starkly so than on the eve of Operation Iraqi Freedom in March 2003, when President Bush noted that ‘All the decades of deceit and cruelty have now reached an end’ and informed Iraq that ‘Saddam Hussein and his sons must leave Iraq within 48 hours. Their refusal to do so will result in military conflict, commenced at a time of our choosing’. 14 It is worth considering the ‘idiomatic unity’ of the prohibitions contained in Article 2(4) of the Charter. 15 As the International Court of Justice put it in its Nuclear Weapons Advisory

in ‘War on terror’
Michael Banton

is a story of how issues that could be made subject to legal regulation were identified, and how States were persuaded to make this possible by ceding some of their authority. After the Second World War, new opportunities opened with the adoption in 1945 of the Charter of the United Nations. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter. UN actions have been divided between those that are based on the Charter (mainly political) and those that are treaty-​based (where legal remedies have been developed). So UN action to combat

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Towards a transitional justice role
Lydia A. Nkansah

Statement:  Best Practices, Achievements and Challenges of the ICERD’ (2015), available at:  www.ohchr.org/​Documents/​HRBodies/​CERD/​ 50Years/​IMADR.pdf. 213 ICERD in the post-conflict landscape  213 22 States parties may seek recourse to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to resolve disputes under the Convention. Article 22 reads: ‘Any dispute between two or more States Parties with respect to the interpretation or application of this Convention, which is not settled by negotiation or by the procedures expressly provided for in this Convention, shall, at the

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Ion Diaconu

General Assembly in 2011, includes some very important rules concerning multilateral human rights treaties, mainly the presumption of separability of reservations to such treaties which are not compatible with the object and the purpose of the treaty, from the ratification of the treaty by the respective State. The jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice, of regional courts on human rights, and of other international tribunals is also important, giving impetus to the formation of a general practice and leading to customary rules of international law in the

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
William Schabas

substantive changes to the definition. This reluctance to change or expand the definition of genocide is also manifested in judicial interpretation over the past two decades. With relatively rare exceptions, judges of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, the International Criminal Court and the International Court of Justice have maintained a relatively strict construction of the crime of genocide. Occasional manifestations of creativity have focused on the material elements of the crime rather than on the protected groups. The great

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
When the talking stops
Carole Gomez

point Boycotts have a long heritage, having existed since Antiquity.12 The eponymous, if possibly apocryphal, tale of Charles Cunningham Boycott being forced to leave Ireland in the late nineteenth century speaks to the resonance that the lexicon ‘boycott’ has in the contemporary world. Equally, writing in 1933 in the British Year Book of International Law, Hersch Lauterpacht, who would go on to be knighted in 1956 while serving as a Justice in the International Court of Justice, noted that boycotts were ‘not a new phenomenon in international life’, having been

in Sport and diplomacy
Regina E. Rauxloh

with the International Court of Justice. The Special Court of Sierra Leone is more known for the appearance of Naomi Campbell in the witness stand than for the historical trial of the Liberian President. The result is that some of the most important criminal trials in history are held with very little knowledge or interest from the international public. An outreach programme is placed at the Court, which 70 70 Perception shaped by other means aims to increase information and communication but it is targeted only at the population affected by the crimes rather

in Law in popular belief
Joshua Castellino

Convention, it may bring the matter to the attention of the Committee.’ There is also provision for reference to the International Court of Justice (Article 22), recently given effect in the Georgian referral to the ICJ over the Russian incursion in South Ossetia. See further: Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v.  Russian Federation), Preliminary Objections, Judgment, ICJ Reports (2011), p. 70. 20 International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid, UN GAOR 3068

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Coinciding locales of refuge among Sahrawi refugees in North Africa
Konstantina Isidoros

many ways, one does not have to be physically there for locals to create the camp population as a discursive global. The range of glocal actors in the Sahrawi case is colossal, from institutions such as the International Court of Justice (ICJ) meeting in 1974 to determine the Sahrawi right to self-determination, to international lawyers and jurists (Botha et al., 2010 ), UN and UNHCR to international aid agencies, and NGOs to small disparate humanitarian groups and occasional academic researchers. While both (foreigner and refugee) encounter each other in mutual

in Displacement
Jürgen Habermas and the European left
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

had the vision of constructing a fully-fledged legal framework to protect people from the violence of states. He hoped to realise this vision by extending the reach of global remedies, granting the International Court of Justice compulsory jurisdiction, sharpening the definition of humanitarian crimes, reforming the Security Council, constructing a UN army, and so forth. He acknowledged that this cosmopolitan vision was far from an accomplished fact

in Antisemitism and the left