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Lessons from the Asia-Pacific
Evangelos Fanoulis

Human Security., accessed online 15 March 2015. Human Security Study Group. (2007). A European Way of Security: The Madrid Report of the Human Security Study Group Comprising a Proposal and Background Report. Madrid. Jacobs, Rebecca. (2005). “Treading Deep Waters: Substantive Law Issues in Tuvalu’s Threat to Sue the United States in the International Court of Justice”, Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal 14. Jupille, Joseph, and James Caporaso. (1998). “States, Agency and Rules: The European Union in Global Environmental

in The European Union in the Asia-Pacific
Amikam Nachmani

be considered a prerequisite to the Republic of Cyprus’s accession to the EU. It was adamant that, henceforth, all Greek–Turkish territorial disputes be referred to the International Court of Justice at The Hague. Finally, it demanded that Turkey meet the same accession conditions as the other eleven EU candidates. In this context, Greece pointed to the need for a serious discussion of the human rights situation in Turkey, noting that, in order to qualify for EU membership, it, Turkey, will have to modify over 20,000 Turkish laws and regulations in line with the EU

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Chen Kertcher

has been inoperative since 1994); and the International Court of Justice. But the heart of the discussion on peacekeeping operations takes place in the Security Council, the General Assembly and Secretariat. This is not meant to suggest that ECOSOC and the International Court of Justice do not do important work, but rather that their work is not in the sphere under discussion here – i.e. the concept and execution of peacekeeping operations. The main organ in charge of the maintenance of international peace and security is the Security Council.24 The Security Council

in The United Nations and peacekeeping, 1988–95
Kees van der Pijl

Libya. Russia actually referred to the July 2010 ruling by the International Court of Justice that there exists no prohibition in international law of declarations of independence, a ruling with which the Court dismissed Serbia’s complaint over Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence. Obama, speaking in Brussels in late March, chose to reply to Moscow’s justification by a series of claims about Kosovo’s ‘careful cooperation with the United Nations and with [its] neighbours’. In fact, there had been neither a referendum nor cooperation, or it would have been

in Flight MH17, Ukraine and the new Cold War
The logics underpining EU enlargement
Helene Sjursen and Karen E. Smith

report on enlargement, published in July 1997, the European Commission stated that it ‘considers that, before accession, applicants should make every effort to resolve any outstanding border dispute among themselves or involving third countries. Failing this they should agree that the dispute be referred to the International Court of Justice’ (European Commission 1997 : 51). The Helsinki European

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Abstract only
Christine Byron

‘inhumane’ or ‘severe’ it is not necessary, unless indicated, ‘that the perpetrator personally completed a particular value judgement’. 52 Applicable law The law to be applied by the judges of the ICC when adjudicating cases and interpreting the definition of crimes is given in Article 21 of the Rome Statute. 53 Whilst the sources of general public international law according to Article 38 of the International Court of Justice Statute are well known, Article 21 ‘constitutes the first codification of the sources of

in War crimes and crimes against humanity in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Matthias Maass

1923. The more disputes were handled by courts and through the rule of law, the more legal equality among states became a reality. Better yet, the more disputes were handled by lawyers and judges, the less the dynamics of power and coercion shaped the outcome of disputes. Both dynamics worked in favor of small states in particular. After the Second World War, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) became the successor to the PCIJ. Treaty law grew and customary International Law evolved further. In 1998, the evolution of international criminal law led to the

in Small states in world politics
Emilian Kavalski and Magdalena Zolkos

agential qualities (Aulakh 2014 ). Instead, recent constitutionalizations of climate protection reflect the emergence of nascent international environmental legislation, including the use of the International Court of Justice for complaints regarding other states’ emissions levels, as well as create the possibility for granting refugee status on the grounds of climate change. In the case of emerging

in Recognition and Global Politics
Kirsten Haack

-loving’. If the UN was to fulfil its goal of creating and maintaining peace, democracy could be the solution. How the UN addressed this relationship and in which form will be addressed in the following chapter. Notes 1 This did not apply to Class A mandates, which were seen as being close to full sovereignty. 2 As Art. 4 had become a major battle ground between East and West, effectively grinding the admissions process to a halt, the International Court of Justice had ruled

in The United Nations democracy agenda
Alanna O’Malley

, entrenched in his views about the poisonous collaboration between the US and the UN in the Congo, ruled out any possibility of Soviet financing for ONUC during the Secretary-​General’s meeting with him in Moscow in September.61 The controversy around the issue was heightened when International Court of Justice (ICJ) issued an opinion stating that the costs of the Congo operation, must, under Article 17(2) of the UN Charter, be borne by all member-​states.62 The Soviet Union was not the only member-​state to withhold financial contributions. Following the Suez crisis in

in The diplomacy of decolonisation