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Charlotte Klonk

of Osama bin Laden on 2 May 2011 in Pakistan by a special unit of the US Navy – a contentious act from the perspective of international law. 20 Defining terror as a new form of warfare, as Münkler and others have done, is equally controversial. 21 Although the boundaries between war and terror have become increasingly blurred, it is important to note that wars still need to be declared and that the international law of armed conflict prohibits any involvement of the civilian population in the combat. Terror attacks are characterised precisely by the fact that

in Terror
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The seen unseen of drone warfare
Tom Holert

: When Is Life Grievable? London: Verso. Cronin, Patrick M., and Paul S. Giarra. 2010. ‘Robotic Skies: Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance and the Strategic Defense of Japan.’ Center for a New American Security, Washington, DC, December 2010. [Working Paper]. Accessed 1 December 2014. www.cnas.org/​files/​documents/​publications/​CNAS_​Robotic%20Skies_​Cronin Giarra.pdf. Danner, Allison M. 2007. ‘Defining Unlawful Enemy Combatants:  A  Centripetal Story.’ Texas International Law Journal 43(1): 1–​14. Accessed 4 December 2014. www.tilj.org/​ content/​journal/​43

in Image operations
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Iraq videos from YouTube to WikiLeaks
Christian Christensen

photographers, and the video appears to show that a number of the victims were shot and killed as they lay injured on the ground: an act that would be in violation of international law under the Geneva Conventions. This is how WikiLeaks described the clip on its website: WikiLeaks has released a classified U.S. military video depicting the indiscriminate slaying of over a dozen people in the Iraqi suburb of New Baghdad –​including two Reuters news staff. Reuters has been trying to obtain the video through the Freedom of Information Act, without success since the time of the

in Image operations
Ben O’Loughlin

Truth and Lying in an Extra-​Moral Sense.’ In Friedrich Nietzsche on Rhetoric and Language, edited by Sander L. Gilman, Carole Blair and David J. Parent, 246–​57. New York: Oxford University Press. Obama, Barack. 2009. ‘Inaugural Address.’ The White House, 21 January 2009. Accessed 4 December 2015. www.whitehouse.gov/​blog/​2009/​01/​21/​president-​barack-​obamas​inaugural-​address. Orford, Anne. 1999. ‘Muscular Humanitarianism:  Reading the Narratives of the New Interventionism.’ European Journal of International Law 10(4): 679–​711. Parasiliti, Andrew. 2009. ‘Iran

in Image operations
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Angela Harutyunyan

outline the discursive context in which this book will intervene. According to a 1996 decree issued by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Armenia, the pedestal of what had formerly been Lenin’s statue in Yerevan – a pedestal that for more than five and a half decades had proudly borne the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution, before the statue was toppled in the heat of the nationalist anti-Soviet wave in 1991 – was to be preserved, according to international law.2 Citing the importance of preserving historical monuments regardless of their ethnic, religious or

in The political aesthetics of the Armenian avant-garde
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Assassinations and bomb attacks in the late nineteenth and early twenty-first centuries
Charlotte Klonk

non-combatants. The British government, however, consistently refused to recognise this self-proclamation and in doing so also invoked international law, which assumes that conflicts are between states and fought by their armies. Figure 15 Police searching a dynamite factory in Birmingham. Yet not all politically motivated groups condoning violence at the end of the nineteenth century distinguished between combatants and non-combatants. Attacks carried out in the 1890s by anarchist assassins on the European continent intentionally targeted bourgeois

in Terror
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A thousand contradictions
Marc James Léger

industry and trade, nuclear proliferation, interethnic wars, the mafia and drug cartels, and finally, the present state of international law. 38 Derrida’s book was a slight departure from the kind of post-Marxism that was championed by postmodern theorists, including Derrida himself. In his ironic revision of Hegel and Marx, he refuted the possibility of an end to new ideological formations, writing: At a time when a new world disorder is attempting to install its … neo-liberalism, no disavowal has managed to rid itself of all of Marx’s ghosts

in Vanguardia
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Belonging
Alpesh Kantilal Patel

Yet the poster obscured the larger problem of misrecognition of a much broader group of ‘Middle Eastern or Muslim looking men’ as terrorists signalled by Volpp above, and implicitly created a more appropriate object of post-9/11 animus. As American human rights and international law scholar Karen Engle notes, ‘Whether through government investigations and raids or “private” vigilance, the brunt of the internal war has fallen on Muslims, particularly those of Arab descent (now that Americans seem to have learned the difference between Sikhs and Muslims).’50 In the

in Productive failure
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Marc James Léger

path to social progress. The revolutionary act, supplemented by cultural devices as the mediated form of subjective destitution, seeks to overcome this mediation and its logic of transgression. More concretely, this implies according a place to the state as a factor in the movement towards a higher stage of international law, a global political federation that is able to counter the destructive action that free markets impose on working conditions and the public interest. 14 Over-identification is presented by BAVO as a form of cultural activism and defined as a

in Vanguardia
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Caroline Turner and Jen Webb

’, ArtAsiaPacific (May/June 2009). 58 Vali, ‘Her Cassandra Complex’. Cassandra’s father thought she was insane. 59 See, for example, Hilary Charlesworth and Christine Chinkin, The Boundaries of International Law: A Feminist Analysis (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000); Geeta Kapur, When Was Modernism:  Essays on Contemporary Cultural Practice in India (New Delhi: Tulika, 2000), p. 30. 60 Murtaza Vali, ‘Her Cassandra Complex’. 61 Srimoyee Mitra, ‘Naked Bodies as Site of Social Change’, WRECK: Graduate Journal of Art History, Visual Art, and Theory, 2:2 (2008), pp

in Art and human rights