Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 400 items for :

  • "International organisations" x
  • All content x
Clear All
Author: Nigel D. White

International organisations are a central component of modern international society. This book provides a concise account of the principles and norms of international law applicable to the intergovernmental organisation (IGO). It defines and explains inter-governmentalism and the role of law in its regulation. The book presents case studies that show how the law works within an institutional order dominated by politics. After a note on the key relationship between the IGO and its member states, it examines the basic relationship between the UN and states in terms of membership through admissions, withdrawal, expulsion, suspension, and representation. The debate about the extent of the doctrine of legal powers is addressed through case studies. Institutional lawmaking in the modern era is discussed with particular focus on at the impact of General Assembly Resolutions on outer space and the Health Regulations of the World Health Organization. Non-forcible measures adopted by the UN and similar IGOs in terms of their legality (constitutionality and conformity to international law), legitimacy and effectiveness, is covered next. The different military responses undertaken by IGOs, ranging from observation and peacekeeping, to peace enforcement and war-fighting, are discussed in terms of legality and practice. The book also considers the idea of a Responsibility to Protect and the development of secondary rules of international law to cover the wrongful acts and omissions of IGOs. It ends with a note on how the primary and secondary rules of international law are upheld in different forms and mechanisms of accountability, including courts.

The dynamics of compound bureaucracies

This book introduces international bureaucracy as a key field of study for public administration and also rediscovers international bureaucracy as an essential ingredient in the study of international organizations. Firstly, the book systematically compares behavioural dynamics within a carefully selected number of international bureaucracies. The focus is on studying these dynamics within international bureaucracies at the actor level - that is, by studying the behaviour and roles as perceived by the officials themselves. The book outlines a conceptual map of four generic behavioural dynamics that are likely to be evoked by these officials: intergovernmental, supranational, departmental and epistemic dynamics. Essentially, the Westphalian international order dominated by the intergovernmental dynamic is challenged to the extent that international bureaucracies embed supranational, departmental and epistemic dynamics in everyday decision-making processes. Admittedly, there are no guarantees that these dynamics always materialise in the actors' behaviour and ultimately in the decisions reached by international organisations. However, they serve as cognitive and normative frames for action, rendering it more likely than not that particular decision-making dynamics are associated with certain behavioural patterns. Secondly, the book illuminates some causal factors that may help to explore the conditions under which different behavioural dynamics are manifested in the behavioural and role perceptions of the incumbents of international bureaucracies. Essentially, the authors do not propose to 'test' the four dynamics outlined above in a rigorous manner. They serve more as 'searchlights for illuminating empirical patterns in our data'.

Nigel D. White

format of ARS 2001 by containing similar chapters and articles. In addition to articles on internationally wrongful acts, acts of organisations, attribution, breach of international obligations and the responsibility of an international organisation in connection with acts of state, reviewed earlier in the chapter, ARIO 2011 also contains useful chapters and articles on: circumstances precluding wrongfulness (consent, self-defence, countermeasures, force majeure , distress, necessity, and compliance with peremptory norms); 67 general principles on the content of the

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
Jarle Trondal, Martin Marcussen, Torbjörn Larsson, and Frode Veggeland

3436 Unpacking international organisations:2833Prelims 22/3/10 14:56 Page 3 1 The bureaucracy of international organisations International bureaucracies are compound systems of public administration that blend departmental, epistemic and supranational decision-making dynamics. The intergovernmental dynamic is seen to be less essential within international bureaucracies. The fact that the departmental dynamic seems to be overwhelmingly present does not mean that other dynamics are absent; rather, the departmental logic seems to be the basis and maybe even the

in Unpacking international organisations
Changing international organisation identities
Author: Susan Park

This book shows how environmentalists have shaped the world's largest multilateral development lender, investment financier and political risk insurer to take up sustainable development. It challenges an emerging consensus over international organisational change to argue that international organisations (IOs) are influenced by their social structure and may change their practices to reflect previously antithetical norms such as sustainable development. The text locates sources of organisational change with environmentalists, thus demonstrating the ways in which non-state actors can effect change within large intergovernmental organisations through socialisation. It combines an account of international organisational change with detailed empirical evidence of change in one issue area across three institutions.

Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

/or vulnerable North Koreans, but data from agencies working inside the country indicates that a prolonged situation of food insecurity and inadequate access to quality healthcare and hygiene facilities persists. 2 The international humanitarian system in the DPRK includes non-governmental organisations (NGOs), international organisations (IOs) and bilateral organisations. There is no known independent civil society in the DPRK. Humanitarians work with various national and local bodies to deliver their programmes. Humanitarian agencies began working in the country in the mid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Learning from the case of Kosovo
Jenny H. Peterson

International organisations (NATO/UN) and western governments Protection of peacekeeping investments already made Installation of neo-liberal economic regimes Western governments and MNCs, Ensuring safe route for oil from Caspian sea westwards private military companies/private security companies Arms sales, military/security contracts Serbia and Kosovo Control over mineral deposits in Kosovo (Trepça mining complex) Serbian officials, organised crime groups, informal traders, various foreign actors Sanctions-busting: provision of oil, medical supplies, luxury goods for

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Protecting borders, confirming statehood and transforming economies?
Jenny H. Peterson

(in some cases through their participation in the war economy), however, are able to meet the requisite standards. All of this activity and focus on the management of Kosovo’s borders, its trade and thus its economy, points to a wider tendency within the international development-security mission. The attempts to control the movement of goods and people across this small territory illustrate ‘increasing efforts by the United States, its allies and the international organisations it dominates to micromanage the world system’ (Heyman, 2004: 322). Indeed, control of

in Building a peace economy?
Managing the criminal facets of war economies
Jenny H. Peterson

. Translation from English to Albanian (or Serbian) and vice versa is problematic and expensive given debate over the translation of specific legal terms. There is also the problem of acquiring and holding onto qualified local staff. Compare the salaries of a judge to that of a driver for one of the international organisations and the problem of attracting top candidates becomes obvious. This is concisely summed up by a senior international working on law and security who agreed: ‘If you can’t pay a judge more than 450 euros a month in the Municipal Court or 600 in the

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Liberal reform and the creation of new conflict economies
Jenny H. Peterson

locked in negotiations aimed at not only reviving activities across the complex, but also ensuring this is done in a fair and transparent manner (Smith, 2009). The centrality of the market: liberal peacebuilding and the push for privatisation Since the end of the Cold War, developed and developing nations alike have undergone a deepening of privatisation, with this reform also being a central policy prescription in post-communist and post-socialist states. Indeed, privatisation has been a favoured tool of intervention in transitioning states as international

in Building a peace economy?