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The contest for ideology
Sung Lee

the United States and China in the late 1960s, China gained membership of the United Nations in 1971, and to WHO in 1973. The communist Chinese were inexperienced in the ways of international organisations, but the sheer size of their nation and the indisputable success of their barefoot doctors were to initiate a revolution in WHO’s basic understanding of health care and of the organisation’s very

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
Daniel Gorman

, ‘Loosening the Apron Strings: The Dominions and Britain in the Interwar Years,’ Round Table , 369 (2003), pp. 279–303. 26 The Commonwealth Writers Prize is technically awarded by the Commonwealth Foundation, an international organisation (originally a charitable trust

in Imperial citizenship
Anna Bocking-Welch

the inter-war period. 21 Although the Rotary movement became international very quickly – expanding from its US origins to include clubs in London, Dublin, Belfast, Manchester, and Glasgow by 1912 – this network was initially seen only in terms of the business and trading opportunities that it provided. 22 In its early years, Rotary had two key objectives: the promotion of the business interests of its members and service to the local community. 23 Before the start of the First World War, therefore, Rotary was an international organisation that thought little

in British civic society at the end of empire
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Western medicine as contested knowledge
Andrew Cunningham and Bridie Andrews

continuities of the confrontation, we have in some cases been able to provide complementary anthropological and historical case studies, though reasons of space precluded extending this treatment to all regions. The contributors have been able to reconstruct several of the contests from a range of historical and anthrological perspectives. They have used local records as well as the records of international organisations and imperial

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
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Indigenous histories, settler colonies and Queen Victoria
Maria Nugent and Sarah Carter

Indigenous people (both to Britain or across regions) and contact with international organisations and networks; and literacy, education, and Christian conversion. As our discussion so far demonstrates, many of the contributors are interested in the discursive ‘production’ of Queen Victoria by Indigenous people and the ‘performance’ of relationships to her situated within broader histories of

in Mistress of everything
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The Universities’ Bureau and the expansive nation
Tamson Pietsch

. 50 Third Congress Proceedings, 1926 , p. 36. 51 Ibid ., p. 270. For the Committee on Intellectual Co-operation and other international organisations, see Daniel Laqua, ‘Transnational Intellectual Cooperation, the League of Nations, and the Problem of

in Empire of scholars
Regal ministers of eclipsed empires in India
Priya Naik

who maintained the delicate balance between landholders, the monarch and the people. The minister served as a conduit between the ruler and ‘his’ people, between the prince and the British, and between ‘home’ and the wider world. As India’s membership and participation in international organisations grew after the First World War, it was the ministers who stepped in to represent and speak on behalf of ‘our empire’, as the Maharaja of Bikaner rather ambitiously put it. 35 Dewans needed to be able to speak in many tongues, including English, as well as to employ

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Decolonisationand the Japanese emperor after 1945
Elise K. Tipton

a resurgence because the television medium itself distanced the emperor from viewers and the media’s reference to the new emperor system as the ‘ akarui tennōsei’ (‘bright and cheerful emperor system’) had transformed the imperial family into simply another commodity ‘to be consumed’ in Japan’s affluent post-war society. 7 There were also controversies over the representatives of foreign countries. On the one hand, representation from 164 countries and twenty-eight international organisations, including fifty-five heads of state (notably, US President George

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Feminine and feminist educators and thresholds of Indian female interaction, 1870–1932
Tim Allender

graduates throughout Britain, it was clear that there was little room for the mere transplantation of Oxbridge to India, at least for women. In the end, the Missionary Settlement had to limit itself to building a hostel for women instead. Later in the year, this hostel was affiliated to the rapidly expanding international organisation for women and girls, the YWCA, whose first Indian branch had been set up

in Learning femininity in colonial India, 1820–1932
Anna Bocking-Welch

the 1960s, articles in the Commonwealth Journal drew on the rhetoric of the ‘People's Commonwealth’ to present the New Commonwealth as a progressive tool for multiracial cooperation. Advocates repeatedly emphasised what they saw as the Commonwealth's specific suitability for international cooperation, particularly when compared to other international organisations such as the United Nations. ‘The national society is too narrow’, explained member Philip Birkinshaw, ‘the world society is still too large, incoherent, distracted and vague. The Commonwealth is an

in British civic society at the end of empire