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Gervase Rosser

afterwards when Lud, the brother of Cassibellaun, who made war against Julius Caesar, obtained the government of the kingdom, he surrounded it with stately walls, and towers of admirable workmanship, and ordered it to be called after his name, Kaer-Lud, that is, the City of Lud. Ebraucus was the first after Brutus who invaded Gaul with a fleet, and distressed its provinces by killing their men and laying waste

in Towns in medieval England
Jonathan R. Lyon

in return for his numerous labours. [5.] Thereafter, the third city was Wolin. It derived its name from Julius Caesar, who had built it a long time ago, and it was situated near the Oder River not far from the sea. 112 When the inhabitants of Wolin heard that many of the inhabitants of Kamien Pomorski had received the doctrine of faith, they did not accept this

in Noble Society
I. S. Robinson

]. In these days in Italy certain lakes, which are said to have been blocked up with squared stones in former times by Julius Caesar and expected to remain so forever, burst out as a result of an excessive deluge. This caused the River Nera and the Tiber to overflow their banks and in the sudden flood many buildings were destroyed, including the bridge of Narni, which was demolished, and many human

in Eleventh-century Germany
Abstract only
Andrew Brown and Graeme Small

Walpoort and pointing with his hand toward the Peperstraat, he held a scroll which bore the words ‘In her tongue is the law of mercy. Proverbs 3’. 40 At the end of Peperstraat a stage had been erected bearing the figure of Julius Caesar, the Roman emperor who first founded Ghent. Caesar was seated on an imperial throne with a

in Court and civic society in the Burgundian Low Countries c.1420–1530
Samuel K. Cohn, Jr

Italy under the rule of Rome as in antiquity. Yet the cities would maintain their liberty and justice. He paraded several new insignia, which he had commissioned. One of these, he gave to the mayor [ sindaco ] of the commune of Perugia, which bore the arms of Julius Caesar on a vermilion field and with a golden eagle. Another was entirely a new creation with an old woman seated as the figure of Rome and

in Popular protest in late-medieval Europe
Trevor Dean

he was fed on the milk of eloquence, good grammar, better rhetoric, good familiarity with ancient texts … He often read Livy, Seneca and Cicero … and took delight in telling of the magnificent deeds of Julius Caesar. All day long he pondered over the marble carvings that lie around in Rome. No one but he knew how to read the ancient inscriptions. He tried to translate all these ancient writings, and

in The towns of Italy in the later Middle Ages
The Norman Conquest
Elisabeth van Houts

they gravely added that almost all his army had the appearance of priests, as they had the whole face with both lips shaven. For the English leave the upper lip unshorn suffering the hair continually to increase which Julius Caesar in his treatise on the Gallic Wars affirms to have been a national custom with the ancient Britons. The king smiled at the simplicity of the messengers observing with a pleasant laugh that

in The Normans in Europe
David A. Warner

were undertaken by the people of Romulus who were formerly led here by Julius Caesar, the all powerful son-in-law of Pompey who was illustrious in both capabilities . 7 Because they were then proficient in military matters and always triumphant, they followed the ancient custom of naming it after Mars. Later, it was called ‘Mese’ which means ‘middle of the

in Ottonian Germany
Alison K. McHardy

This chapter presents translated and annotated sources on the theme of Richard II's struggle for power during the period 1382–87.

in The reign of Richard II
Abstract only
I. S. Robinson

This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book is a collection of biographies and narrative sources concerned principally with the lives of Pope Leo IX and Pope Gregory VII. Bishop Bonizo of Sutri wrote his polemical history of the Church, The Book to a Friend, in exile in Tuscany soon after the death of Gregory VII in 1085 and that pope is the central figure in the work. Paul of Bernried wrote his biography of Gregory VII in 1128, perhaps in Regensburg, drawing on a large collection of late eleventh-century Gregorian materials. Bishop Benzo of Alba completed his polemic addressed to Henry IV in 1085 in Lombardy. Finally Bishop Bruno of Segni composed his Sermon concerning Simoniacs probably in the later 1090s, when he was an active member of the papal curia.

in The Papal Reform of the Eleventh Century