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Jews in Britain – a historical overview
Geoffrey Alderman

to Jews. But the Puritan ethic was marked by a desire to understand – and even imitate – the ways of the Hebrews. In the 1650s, following the execution of King Charles I and the installation of a military dictatorship led by the Puritan commander Oliver Cromwell, the political climate became distinctly philosemitic. The Puritans who had abolished the monarchy had a great deal of sympathy with all things Jewish. Puritan divines read the ‘Old Testament’ in Hebrew. Some even circumcised themselves. Cromwell agreed to consider a petition from

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Abstract only
Efraim Podoksik

irresponsibility, so that it would not be swallowed by the bureaucratizing age. The touch of irresponsibility was important not only on the personal level but also for the society as a whole. Of course, Oakeshott recognized the value of civil commitment. For him, the paradigmatic exemplar of such commitment was Sidney Godolphin, who was killed during the English Civil War fighting for King Charles I out of the sense of civil loyalty (Oakeshott, 1962a: 192). Yet, for Oakeshott, active civil duty was relevant only in the moments of exception, when a heroic action to protect the

in The calling of social thought
Indigenous peoples and the development of international law
Patrick Thornberry

), pp. 79–98, at p. 96. 13 ‘to . . . restore the Indians to their human and temporal good way of life, not a single Spaniard would have to remain in the Indies . . . I affirm before Jesus Christ that it would be necessary . . . to cast them all out, except for a few chosen ones, so that the Indians could receive the faith’: las Casas in Sanderlin, Bartolemé de las Casas, pp. 195–6. 14 King Charles I of Spain, elevated to the title of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in 1519. 15 Vividly recounted in L. Hanke, Aristotle and the American Indians: A Study of Race Prejudice in

in Indigenous peoples and human rights