to Jews. But the Puritan ethic was marked by a desire to understand – and even imitate – the ways of the Hebrews. In the 1650s, following the execution of KingCharlesI and the installation of a military dictatorship led by the Puritan commander Oliver Cromwell, the political climate became distinctly philosemitic. The Puritans who had abolished the monarchy had a great deal of sympathy with all things Jewish. Puritan divines read the ‘Old Testament’ in Hebrew. Some even circumcised themselves.
Cromwell agreed to consider a petition from
that it would not be swallowed by the bureaucratizing age. The touch of
irresponsibility was important not only on the personal level but also for
the society as a whole. Of course, Oakeshott recognized the value of civil
commitment. For him, the paradigmatic exemplar of such commitment
was Sidney Godolphin, who was killed during the English Civil War fighting for KingCharlesI out of the sense of civil loyalty (Oakeshott, 1962a:
192). Yet, for Oakeshott, active civil duty was relevant only in the moments
of exception, when a heroic action to protect the
Indigenous peoples and the development of international law
), pp. 79–98, at p. 96.
‘to . . . restore the Indians to their human and temporal good way of life, not a
single Spaniard would have to remain in the Indies . . . I afﬁrm before Jesus Christ
that it would be necessary . . . to cast them all out, except for a few chosen ones, so
that the Indians could receive the faith’: las Casas in Sanderlin, Bartolemé de las
Casas, pp. 195–6.
KingCharlesI of Spain, elevated to the title of Holy Roman Emperor Charles
V in 1519.
Vividly recounted in L. Hanke, Aristotle and the American Indians: A Study of
Race Prejudice in