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‘A vote the same as any other person’
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

, exempt from taxation, unable to enter into contracts and dependent on the government for their support, arguments that were, at least theoretically, non-racial. 30 However this special status had political implications, given Macdonald’s position as superintendent-general, the guardian and protector of these children at law, making it easy for opponents to claim that it was he who would control the

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Howard Johnson

colonies but a more detailed discussion will centre on the sugar colony of Trinidad and the non-plantation colony of the Bahamas. 2 New policing legislation, 1830s-80s In the post-emancipation British Caribbean the colonial state, which had a monopoly of law-making and coercive agencies, continued (on most islands) to be dominated by a small white

in Policing the empire
Abstract only
Chartering English colonies on the American mainland in the seventeenth century
Christopher Tomlins

that the legal culture of localities in Britain varied according to whether they were to be found in ‘arable’ or ‘pastoral’ regions. The country, she claims, manifested two distinct ‘types’ of legal culture, pastoral regions tending to manifest a substantially greater consciousness of legal right and of entitlement to participate in law-making processes than arable. In arable

in Law, history, colonialism
Sultan Omar Ali and the quest for royal absolutism
Naimah S. Talib

new Sultan, Omar Ali, viewed with alarm the power of the Resident, as the 1905–6 Agreement allowed the Resident both power and authority to control every aspect of government administration even though decisions and actions taken were legitimised in the name of the Sultan. 14 However, according to a Colonial Office legal authority, J. C. McPetrie, the Sultan was an absolute sovereign and the State Council and the ‘law-making power must be vested in him’. 15 The Sultan and the local members of the State Council were determined to limit the executive role of the

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Harold Moody and the League of Coloured Peoples
David Killingray

later, the eighth annual conference of the League adopted a ‘Charter for Coloured Peoples’, urging on ‘the Governments of the United Nations’ legislative measures to end racial discrimination and proposing ‘that the indigenous peoples of all dependent territories shall have immediately a majority on all law-making bodies, and shall be granted full self-government at the earliest possible opportunity

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
The policing of nineteenth-century Bengal and Bihar
Peter Robb

might. In particular, crimes were defined as offences against a common weal. Police forces were created as public, professional bodies, to be substituted for private force; they were pictured as servants rather than masters. Thus policing was clearly distinguished from other executive tasks of government, including law-making and the administration of justice. The police developed institutionally, and

in Policing the empire
English politicians and America, 1660-1683
Robert M. Bliss

his rights. 51 Anyone reading the instructions might reasonably guess that James would assent to all the laws passed by the assembly’s first session. Even the laws making up the Charter of Liberties went beyond James’s instructions in only a few particulars, notably in their attempt to give the gloss of English law and constitutional perpetuity to James’s instructions. James did give preliminary

in Revolution and empire
Law between semicolonial China and the Raj
Emily Whewell

legislation that provided a stronger legal connection to India. After five years of consideration and drafting, the China (Kashgar) Order in Council (1920) contained Macartney’s proposals. The Order outlined the consul-general’s administrative and jurisdictional powers in relation to India and China, providing for greater integration with the Raj. In terms of law-making, the consular district of Kashgar could now be subject to the enactments of the Governor-General of India or of the Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab in Council. 71 Consuls-general were empowered to use

in Law across imperial borders
Abstract only
Empire and law, ‘Firmly united by the circle of the British diadem’
Dana Y. Rabin

, Irish, Scottish, and French Catholics who would benefit from religious toleration; Britain's multinational and multiracial sailors at the Empire's front lines; and Irish Protestants fighting to retain their own law-making body in Dublin. During the latter half of the eighteenth century the movement for legal reform did attempt to accommodate internal outsiders by instituting changes that brought the

in Britain and its internal others, 1750–1800
Deciding against regulation in West Africa
Richard Philips

impacted on Sierra Leone, such as when it established the colony and outlawed the slave trade, but mostly it devolved decision-making and law-making authority to governors, themselves formally constrained only by superiors in London, who generally expected them to follow English precedent and work within small budgets. Locally, governors had a relatively free hand and were advised but not formally checked by legislative and executive councils. The people of Sierra Leone were left with few if any formal channels through

in Sex, politics and empire