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Abstract only
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

Introduction Most observers cannot help but notice that each of the major armed conflicts that occurred during the 1990s and the first decade of the present century – Bosnia, Kosovo, Chechnya, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria – has involved the use of terrorism by one or more of the contestants, at one time or another. Conflicts involving armed non-state actors challenging states and each other have become the main form of warfare thus far in the new millennium. The main participants are insurgents and counterinsurgents. Their conflicts are primarily internal

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
Open Access (free)
The management of migration between care and control
Pierluigi Musarò

strategies and discursive practices enacted by a wide range of state and non-state actors present the Mediterranean Sea as the setting of a perpetual emergency. European and national political agencies, military authorities, humanitarian organisations, and activists, have been representing migrants crossing borders as a significant problem to be managed in terms of a wider social, cultural and political

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
A Singaporean tale of two ‘essentialisms’
See Seng Tan

‘Singapore’ and, where local epistemic communities are concerned, non-state actors. Yet at the same time, it is just such an idealized desire which, more often than not, gets in the way of thinking outside of a state-centred security discourse and towards a more holistic human-centred one, for the simple reason that the extant debate on the agency of Singaporean security studies

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Iver B. Neumann

what we may call the hybridization of diplomacy; state and non-state actors become more similar, they face similar cooperation problems as did other constellations of diplomatic agents before them, and they partake in shifting alliances. The central role of states will probably not fade, but states will increasingly have to work with and through other kinds of agents, rather than on them, as they usually did before. As always when a new tipping-point arises in social spheres, this is not totally new. In a social setting, as the example of how right-hand driving

in Diplomatic tenses
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

, A. ( 2014 ), Humanitarian Negotiations with Armed Non-State Actors: Key Lessons from Afghanistan, Sudan, Somalia , Humanitarian Policy Group, Policy Brief 55 ( London : Overseas Development Institute ). Jackson , A. and Giustozzi , A. ( 2012 ), Talking to the Other Side

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

other civilian assets should be spared. In practice, however, there is only one rule: to pursue victory or various advantages. The means used to achieve that end nevertheless differ from one situation or time period to another. The fundamental point is that for political forces engaged in armed conflict, whether state or non-state actors, the threshold of what is tolerable depends on their interests. More generally, how the power treats the population will depend on how

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

Introduction Despite seventy years of UN programme interventions, the need for global humanitarian assistance has not been greater since the end of the Second World War ( UNHCR, 2016a ). In 2017, more than 201 million people living in 134 countries required humanitarian assistance, with a record 68.5 million people forcibly displaced by violence and conflict ( Development Initiatives, 2018 ; UNHCR, 2017 ). The use of violence and conflict by state and non-state

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

’s official response to the cuts and its acute financial crisis, while acknowledging that other international responses, such as bilateral and multilateral discussions between UNRWA and potential donors and various diplomats, have been ongoing throughout this period. Understandably, given UNRWA’s financial circumstances following the announcement of the cuts, the campaign sought to encourage existing and ‘non-traditional’ state and non-state actors to commit funds to ensure that the rights and needs of Palestinian refugees were met. By examining the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Julie Gilson

for the full development of human security. In this context, it analyses the so-called ‘track-two’ approach and the role of other, non-state actors. The final section examines how these various debates unfold in Japan, which has an important role in the development of regional approaches to comprehensive security. The conclusion assesses the potential for the debate to

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Abstract only
The EU and the governance of European security
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

the ability to control it; post-Westphalian states face the traditional concern with territorial integrity compounded by an inability to protect borders and a rising preoccupation with the threats posed to societies by transnational, non-state actors. Post-Westphalian states are incapable, owing to internal norms and substantive policy concerns, to act as effective gate-keepers between internal and external

in EU security governance