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Clara Duterme

Established during the Guatemalan Peace Process, the Oslo Accord contemplates the question of compensating the victims of internal armed conflict. Not only was this accord founded on the principles of victims rights, but it also intends to contribute to the democratic reconstruction of Guatemalan society through a process of recognition of victims status and memory – intended to have a reconciling function. The article focuses on the work of two organisations implementing the Oslo Accord and aims to analyse the discourses and practices of the local actors and their perception of the application of victims rights. Civil society actors and members of the National Compensation Programme demonstrate different approaches both in practical work and in representations of what is right. However, revendication of local cultural values is present in all actors discourse, revealing their ambiguous position in regard to state government.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Keith Krause

In discussions of conflict, war and political violence, dead bodies count. Although the politics and practices associated with the collection of violent-death data are seldom subject to critical examination, they are crucial to how scholars and practitioners think about how and why conflict and violence erupt. Knowledge about conflict deaths – the who, what, where, when, why and how – is a form of expertise, created, disseminated and used by different agents. This article highlights the ways in which body counts are deployed as social facts and forms of knowledge that are used to shape and influence policies and practices associated with armed conflict. It traces the way in which conflict-death data emerged, and then examines critically some of the practices and assumptions of data collection to shed light on how claims to expertise are enacted and on how the public arena connects (or not) with scholarly conflict expertise.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Valérie Robin Azevedo

In recent years, exhumation campaigns of mass graves resulting from the armed conflict (1980–2000) between the Maoist guerrillas of PCP-Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and the States armed forces have increased in Peru. People in rural Andes, the most marginalised sectors of national society, which were also particularly affected by the war, are the main group concerned with exhumations. This article examines the handling, flow and re-appropriation of exhumed human remains in public space to inform sociopolitical issues underlying the reparation policies implemented by the State, sometimes with the support of human rights NGOs. How do the families of victims become involved in this unusual return of their dead? Have the exhumations become a new repertoire of collective action for Andean people seeking to access their fundamental rights and for recognition of their status as citizens? Finally, what do these devices that dignify the dead reveal about the internal workings of Peruvian society – its structural inequities and racism – which permeate the social fabric?

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Anthony Alan Shelton

Rights of Nature (2017).59 Amazonie: Le chamane et la pensée de la forêt (2016–2017, Musée d’Ethnographie de Genève (MEG)) aimed to provide another broad purview of a museum collection, but also positioned Amazonian history as intrinsically bound up with colonialism and its violent, conflicted legacy, entangled with foreign and domestic governments, multinational corporations, land conflicts and its disjunctured epistemological mediations. The introduction to the exhibition is uncompromising: the text panel reads: ‘Since the European conquest in the 16th century, the

in Curatopia
Jette Sandahl

customary thinking of the past inform and guide the actions of the present. It explores how the richness and multidimensionality of terms like mana, whakapapa and whenua allow for dynamic engagement on multiple levels simultaneously. The exhibition confronted, boldly, unflinchingly but graciously, the asymmetries of power and their concomitant economic, social and cultural conflicts, however painful these are and have been. Through its unique voices of ­self-representation and self-confident point of view, the exhibition demonstrated, vigorously, that Māori are not a

in Curatopia
Roger Forshaw

2 Kushite and Assyrian invaders The end of the eighth century and the first half of the seventh century BC witnessed the Kushite conquest of Egypt, and subsequent clashes between the Egyptian-Kushite forces and those of the Assyrian Empire. These conflicts eventually resulted in the expulsion of the Kushites from Egypt, the rise to power of the Kingdom of the West centred at Sais and the departure of the Assyrians. Nubia (Kush) The Kushite invaders who went on to rule Egypt originated from the land recognised today as Nubia and are known to Egyptology as the 25

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC
James Clifford

The times of the curator James Clifford My title tropes the title of a conference where this chapter began its life: ‘The Task of the Curator’.1 In what follows I evoke two senses of temporality: first ‘The Times’: as in the historical moment or context, ‘the life and times of x’, and second ‘Times’ plural: a sense of the curator’s task as enmeshed in multiple, overlapping, sometimes conflicting times. My primary concern is the discrepant temporalities (sometimes I want to say ‘histories’, or even ‘futures’) that are integral to the task of the curator today. I

in Curatopia
Art, process, archaeology

This book presents a study of material images and asks how an appreciation of the making and unfolding of images and art alters archaeological accounts of prehistoric and historic societies. With contributions focusing on case studies including prehistoric Britain, Scandinavia, Iberia, the Americas and Dynastic Egypt, and including contemporary reflections on material images, it makes a novel contribution to ongoing debates relating to archaeological art and images. The book offers a New Materialist analysis of archaeological imagery, with an emphasis on considering the material character of images and their making and unfolding. The book reassesses the predominantly representational paradigm of archaeological image analysis and argues for the importance of considering the ontology of images. It considers images as processes or events and introduces the verb ‘imaging’ to underline the point that images are conditions of possibility that draw together differing aspects of the world. The book is divided into three sections: ‘Emergent images’, which focuses on practices of making; ‘Images as process’, which examines the making and role of images in prehistoric societies; and ‘Unfolding images’, which focuses on how images change as they are made and circulated. The book features contributions from archaeologists, Egyptologists, anthropologists and artists. The contributors to the book highlight the multiple role of images in prehistoric and historic societies, demonstrating that archaeologists need to recognise the dynamic and changeable character of images.

Open Access (free)
Creative legacies
Melanie Giles

in or out, fumbling around the edge of moss, mire, bog and fen, when these bodies and the violence done to them need to be seen within wider cultures of both conflict and deposition in a suite of watery places. In offering up a new ‘cold case’ examination of Worsley Man, the study has been able to follow what happens to these practices as Rome enters the scene. It suggests a longevity of indigenous rites in the north that were not simply outlawed by these conquerors but co-opted to ‘speak back’ to the colonised, in an idiom of injurious humiliation they

in Bog bodies
Interactional strategies in late-nineteenth-century Classical archaeology: the case of Adolf Furtwängler
Ulf R. Hansson

social arenas of the discipline generate and reproduce, while others are viewed as ‘toxic’ controversialists creating unwanted friction within the community. Tension and friction are constant presences, and perfectly legitimate professional disagreements that constitute a vital part of any healthy scientific or scholarly process can easily deteriorate into open conflict, even lifelong feuds, of a more personal kind that risk destabilising the dynamics of these institutional and informal structures, disrupting communication channels and forcing actors to rethink their

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology