This chapter is concerned with a rich vein of poor law spending: on cash
allowances, drugs, payments in kind and headings such as apprenticeship. In
most county communities, cash allowances grew in importance over time, both
because it was more convenient for officials to give such allowances and
then let the poor buy their own medical care and because the poor
increasingly requested such allowances. Nonetheless, there is a clear sense
that many officers continued to be active in purchasing drugs, devices,
false limbs and food for the sick.
accounts, led by S. R. Gardiner’s magisterial History of the Great Civil War (1886–93).7 Alongside these national
narratives antiquarian studies chronicled the conflict in the provinces.8 In the
1960s these local histories metamorphosed into something more ambitious
when Alan Everitt and others sought to explain the causes and conduct of
the conflict in terms of gentry-led countycommunities and their relationship
with the centre.9 Clive Holmes and Ann Hughes, who famously provided
a corrective to the countycommunity model, were no less concerned with
Wandering soldiers and the negotiation of parliamentary authority, 1642–51
David J. Appleby
Association in the English
Civil War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974), pp. 39, 168, 169;
A. Fletcher, A CountyCommunity in Peace and War: Sussex, 1600–1660 (London:
Longman, 1975), pp. 341–2; M. Kishlansky, The Rise of the New Model Army
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979), pp. 241, 244–5, 247, 249;
C. Carlton, Going to the Wars: The Experience of the British Civil Wars (London:
Routledge, 1992), pp. 196, 225, 235.
4 R. Bennett, ‘War and disorder: policing the soldiery in Civil War Yorkshire’, in
Fissel (ed.), War and Government in Britain, pp
, 2000), p. 5.
8 A. Hughes, Politics, Society and Civil War in Warwickshire, 1620–1660 (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1987), p. xi.
9 C. Holmes, ‘The countycommunity in Stuart historiography’, Journal of British
Studies, 19:2 (1980), 55.
10 G. L. Hudson, ‘Negotiating for blood money: war widows and the courts in seventeenth-century England’, in J. Kermode and G. Walker (eds), Women, Crime and the
Courts in Early Modern England (London: University College, 1994), pp. 146–69.
11 Ibid., p. 162.
12 D. J. Appleby, ‘Unnecessary persons? Maimed soldiers