civil war in England.
Because Governor Bell wanted a firmer basis for government
than the compact of 1645, he looked forward to the day when ‘God
shalbe so Mercifull unto us as to unite the King & Parliament’.
Nor could the island’s rising sugar barons count on the
traditional local ties which sustained some English countycommunities
in their efforts to minimize the disruptive potential of civil war by
The English empire at the end of the seventeenth century
Robert M. Bliss
diffused to operate as a corporate polity. By the century’s end
the claim of Virginia’s gentlemen burgesses to represent a wider
commons of other gentlemen and substantial freeholders, indeed to
represent their neighborhoods, their countycommunities, was not only
more plausible than it had been before, but a good deal safer. 70
Colonists’ changing political self-regard was
replicated in England, where the
Dividing the Crown in early colonial New South Wales, 1808–10
1660–1750 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952); Jacqueline
Eales and Andrew Hopper, The CountyCommunity in
Seventeenth-Century England and Wales (Hatfield: University
of Hertforshire Press, 2012).
The ancient group includes the seals of West
Florida (1764), Island of St John (later Prince Edward Island