A conceptual framework for considering mapping projects as they change
collective. The transition from
‘networks’ to ‘foam’ incorporates concepts of ‘ontogeny’, and enables the
processual approach to understanding maps to account for project h istories.
The jostling of bubbles in the foam is a potent way of imagining maps and
engagements with maps, including the flurry to map order into a crisis.
1 The term ‘produsers’ is used by Bruns (2006: 276) to reference a hybrid of map producers and users.
Amrwaga (2015) Open data day: How the State Department is linking diplomacy with
collaborative mapping during crises. Str8
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy
be defined as a kind of interdependent diplomacy
(see Walter, 1998), particularly in terms of the state’s attraction of FDI.
Attention to firm-society relations is similarly confined to a focus on the imperatives of restructuring for lean and flexible productive and working practices.
What are the limitations of this mode of knowledge about the firm? The
idea that the firm has become a new unit of analysis in the study of the world
political economy invokes, paradoxically, similar criticisms to those levelled at
traditional international relations frameworks in
Alex Gekker, Sam Hind, Sybille Lammes, Chris Perkins, and Clancy Wilmott
Dora (2012) notes how the point of departure for contemporary digital mapping imaginations are embodied in US Vice-President Al Gore’s famed
‘Digital Earth’ speech from 1998, in which he envisioned a joint mega-project of
a singular virtual globe, maintained by multiple organisations and accessible to
all. Such a creation would have been used for tasks as diverse as fighting crime,
conducting diplomacy and preventing climate change. While lacking the sophistication of Gore’s brainchild, modern digital maps are nonetheless engulfed in
the same ethos of all