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H. D. Westlake
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Hayyim Rothman

. As indicated above, Practical Zionism arose largely from the Eastern European Hibbat Zion movement and emphasized cultural renaissance through building up the land of Israel irrespective of diplomatic developments (Reinharz 1993 ), while Western Political Zionists aspiring to establish a Jewish state turned to diplomacy. This divide had important geographical implications. Political Zionists recognized that achieving political autonomy and doing so in the ancient Jewish homeland were not the same thing. Therefore, they were open to ‘alternative Zions (Sinclair

in No masters but God