Young people in migrant worker families in Ireland
to their homeland. In 2002, just
under 6 per cent of the total population usually resident in Ireland had non-
Irish nationality (Ruhs, 2006). By 2006, that proportion had grown to over 10
per cent (CSO, 2008) of a total population that had itself risen by 8 per cent
since 2002 (CSO, 2007). Thus, the increase in the share of the population with
non-Irish nationality was primarily due to migration.
In relation to children and young people, Taguma, Kim, Wurzburg et al.
(2009) estimate that approximately 10 per cent of children in primary
had significantly limited uptake within the broader horticultural sector (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 2010).
1 FTE = one employee working full-time. It allows the calculation of comparable
statistics in a sector where people work varying hours per week.
The Seasonal Horticulture Workers Scheme was established to run from 2001 to
2009 and targeted students from Eastern and Central Europe (Bord Bia, 2007).
Personal Public Service Numbers – Allocation By Nationality – All Countries
Citizenship challenge, social inequality and the insecure state
NGOs use the existing law, including migrant workers’ Chinese nationality status, in a process of claiming their right to the city and arguing for an end to discrimination against rural migrants, highlights the different tools that domestic and transnational migrants have at their disposal. China's case demonstrates that the language of citizenship is perhaps more often employed in the struggles of domestic migrant workers than in the context of transnational migrations. These insights contribute to studies of the space–migration nexus in the field of critical
Labour non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the citizenship
Finally, this research contributes some important findings that can be applied beyond China. First, it contributes to the studies on the role of migrants in shaping structural aspects of citizenship (Bottomore, 1992 ; Isin and Wood, 1999 ; Hardt and Negri, 2000 : 399–400; Walters, 2008 ). In comparison to studies which take transnational migration as their point of departure, this book investigates an unusual type of migrant – intranational migrants – who, nationality-wise, are citizens of the country they live in, but are second-class citizens legally
, Nigeria and South Africa (with eleven different nationalities included in total). The early training sessions focused on the power of story-telling to build relationships and rethink possible futures. Participants were asked to talk to their friends and neighbours and listen to their stories of living in E14, recording them for a book. 1 Rather than telling one story, the expedition explicitly sought to capture the diversity of local experience, holding a session for collective deliberation about the range of stories collected, trying to ensure that everyone was able
Learning from communities in informal settlements in Durban, South
Maria Christina Georgiadou and Claudia Loggia
legislation, politics, power and identity play a major role in resource management, distribution and implementation of the upgrading project. Patel ( 2015 ) describes the effect of devolved housing allocation leading to exclusion of non-favoured groups in Durban, thus negatively affecting community engagement. Devolved housing increases competition between residents around ethnicity, nationality and/or political party views.
Community-led upgrading in the Durban metropolitan area
This study adopted a
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy
production is embedded.
Drawing on the Polanyian thesis, scholars have critiqued the notion of the
firm as an abstracted global actor, and have sought to contextualise it within a
set of political and social institutions. Pauly and Reich, for example, emphasise
the enduring nationality of the firm, arguing that this reflects ‘durable
national institutions and distinctive ideological traditions’ (1997: 1). Razeen
Sally’s (1994) institutional approach to the multinational enterprise, similarly
explores the embeddedness of multinationals in broader networks of social
, standardise maps so that landowners could
document the wealth of their landowning and Parliament could more accurately
collect taxes.20 One of the lasting consequences of the surveying process was
the replacement of Irish place names with anglicised versions. The Ordnance
Survey could be considered one of the most influential intellectual endeavours
in nineteenth-century Ireland, and one that had lasting effects on nationality, language and colonial history.21 In this regard, maps are cultural constructs shaped
not only by those who create them, but also by those who
Ethnic minorities and localities in China’s border encounters with Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam
Victor Konrad and Zhiding Hu
( 2008 ) ‘ Cross-border ethnicalism in the border region of southwest China ’, Journal of Yunnan Nationalities University , 25 ( 1 ): 11–16 .
Hu , Z.
. ( 2018 ) ‘ In the space between exception and integration: The Kokang borderlands on the periphery of China and Myanmar ’, Geopolitics , 23 ( 1 ): 147
in Europe in the Second World War. With the conclusion of the War, some soldiers returned when they took their second passage in 1948 arriving at the Tilbury docks outside London. They migrated on the MV Empire Windrush . The Windrush was en route from Australia to England via the Atlantic, having first docked in Kingston, Jamaica, in order to pick up servicemen who were on leave and wanted to return to London. Many former servicemen took this opportunity to return to Britain since the British Nationality Act of 1948 gave British citizenship to all people living