Search results

Peter Mentzel

8 Nations, nationality, and civil society in the work of Edward Shils Peter Mentzel Without territory and without tradition there can be no nation; without a nation there can be no civil society. Shils, [1995b] 1997a: 223 This chapter will explore Edward Shils’ original and highly nuanced treatment of the concepts of ‘nationality’, ‘nationalism’, and ‘civil society’. In Shils’ framework, these concepts are closely interrelated, and the ways in which they interact are important for understanding Shils’ broader sociological project. As Athena Leoussi has

in The calling of social thought
Abstract only
Ireland in a global world
Series: Irish Society

Migration to and from Ireland is often the subject of definitive claims. During the 1980s, migration from Ireland was most commonly described as a brain drain. Despite the constant flows and counterflows, academic studies tend to focus on just one direction of movement, reflecting dominant concerns at particular points in time. The 1950s and the 1980s are characterized as decades of emigration, the Celtic Tiger era as a period of immigration, and the current recession is manifest as a return to mass emigration. This book addresses the three key themes from a variety of spatial, temporal and theoretical perspectives. The theme of networks is addressed. Transnational loyalist networks acted both to facilitate the speaking tours of loyalist speakers and to re-translate the political meanings and messages being communicated by the speakers. The Irish Catholic Church and specifically its re-working of its traditional pastoral, lobbying and development role within Irish emigrant communities, is discussed. By highlighting three key areas such as motives, institutions and strategies, and support infrastructures, the book suggests that the Irish experience offers a nuanced understanding of the different forms of networks that exist between a state and its diaspora, and shows the importance of working to support the self-organization of the diaspora. Perceptions of belonging both pre- and postmigration encouraged ethnographic research in six Direct Provision asylum accommodation centres across Ireland. Finally, the book provides insights into the intersections between 'migrancy' and other social categories including gender, nationality and class/position in the labour hierarchy.

Abstract only
Mary Gilmartin

for detaining and deporting migrants and provide more discretionary powers to the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform. The Acts also introduce the term ‘non-national’ to describe migrants to Ireland. Though this is an improvement on the previously used term, ‘alien’, it has its own difficulties. Acts that relate partially to migration include the Nationality and Citizenship Acts. These outline the changing basis for Irish citizenship: many argue that the changes were a specific response to growing levels of migration (Lentin 2007a; White and Gilmartin 2008

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
French denaturalisation law on the brink of World War II
Marie Beauchamps

example, in Syria. As denaturalisation is exposed as a political tool that would allegedly appease a feeling of insecurity, nationality law becomes a salient political area where [citizenship] and security work together to separate those with the right to security from those who are excluded from it – the former by granting and

in Security/ Mobility
Cameron Ross

cultural autonomy, territorial integrity, and symbols of statehood; on the other hand it insisted on the supremacy of the central state and government and strove for a state of affairs where national separateness and ethnic identity would ultimately wither away’.3 The USSR’s adoption of an ‘ethno-territorial’ form of federalism was originally designed as a temporary measure, adopted to entice the nonRussian nationalities to join the union. But as Gleason notes, such a principle entailed a recognition of the ‘national statehood’ of the constituent republics.4 Under Soviet

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
Anne-Marie Fortier

debates, iterations and changes through the centuries, but subjecthood is still regarded as compatible with citizenship in Britain (Goldsmith 2008 ) – indeed, allegiance to the Crown remains a feature of citizenship to this day. 1 The Home Office White Paper on nationality, immigration and asylum states that ‘[t]here is no contradiction in promoting citizenship so that people uphold common values and understand how they can play their part in our society while upholding our status as subjects of HM The Queen’ (Home

in Uncertain citizenship
Comparing the labour market outcomes of Spanish, Polish and Nigerian migrants
Ebun Joseph

group differential in experiences explicit. In a special issue which examined racial inequality in the USA and Britain, Song (2004) addressed the question of whether a racial hierarchy framework helps in explaining racial inequalities and group differential experiences in those two Western multi-ethnic societies. Regardless of the position we take, the reality is that every European country and institution still structures access to its resources and residency rights around race and nationality. With the increasing racial categories operational in Ireland, there is

in Critical race theory and inequality in the labour market
Steve Garner

objective way to manage the nation’s membership. However, by examining the Irish case more critically, we can analyse what this entails in terms of assumptions about belonging, and demonstrate that gaining membership of the nation thus becomes predicated on a set of unequally distributed obstacles that benefit some and disadvantage others. The 1922 Constitution’s temporary establishment of the parameters of citizenship stated that those born in the North of Ireland before December 1922 were included as Irish citizens. The Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act

in Defining events
Laura Chrisman

materialist awareness of, and concern with, (institutional, regional, professional, socio-economic) ‘locations’ in which postcoloniality is produced and circulated. Robert Young’s intervention here instead emphasises ethnic or national ‘origins’ of critics in isolation from, and at the expense of, such ‘locations’. Crucial to note here is the inconsistency, the doubleness of Young’s standards: he deems ethnicity to be most significant in Spivak’s case, but when it comes to Parry switches tack to emphasise the category of nationality. (I wonder what might have resulted had

in Postcolonial contraventions
Enrico Pugliese

the Geneva Convention on refugees because of the emerging types of migrants and refugees do not fit with the categories set out in the Convention.1 The Albanian immigrants were not the largest group reaching the  Mediterranean countries from eastern Europe. Immigrants of various nationalities started moving soon after, legally or illegally, towards the countries of southern Europe. These were the main, silent actors in the  Mediterranean migration scene around the year 2000. They did not follow the sea routes and so did not experience the opportunities and risks of

in Western capitalism in transition