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Culture and community in the Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia
Duncan Wheeler

As the Basque Country is the most sparsely populated of the historical nationalities, this regional blip mattered little in terms of the overall result of a referendum that covered the whole of Spain, but Basque reluctance nonetheless constituted the most persistent obstacle to the legitimation of the nascent democratic nation state. Prior to Spain’s EU membership, Catalan patriotism rarely translated into a widespread desire for independence, whilst nationalism remained comparatively weak in Galicia. Taking, in turn, each of the historical nationalities granted a

in Following Franco
Open Access (free)
Protecting borders, confirming statehood and transforming economies?
Jenny H. Peterson

several international staff remaining for years rather than months. In addition, the international management was largely British. This is not meant to suggest that UK customs officers are necessarily superior to customs officers from other nations, but to suggest that the continuity offered by having a single nationality willing to make a long-term contribution likely led to some of the success within the agency. While coordination with regional counterparts has been addressed in the previous section, another concern in large international missions, such as UNMIK, is

in Building a peace economy?
Managing the criminal facets of war economies
Jenny H. Peterson

now engaging in areas of reform which involve combating illicit and illegal structures. Either they reconsider their role in engaging in such activities and choose not to do so, given the inherent contradictions of these tasks with their organisational culture, or they move forward and allow for or create the structures which are needed to engage in such work. Also limiting an effective post-conflict justice programme is the diversity of staff in regard to nationality. Undoubtedly, there is strength in having a mixture of staff from different nations, but there is

in Building a peace economy?
João Labareda

the common market to be discriminated against. It seems highly unfair to have two workers performing the same job but letting only one of them acquire the rights associated with that job, simply on grounds of nationality. This is not to say that nationality is morally irrelevant. In an international system where the nation-state is a key unit of self-determination and democracy, nationality, even if arbitrarily acquired by birth, is an indispensable predicament. Yet the moral worth of nationality is not absolute. Against what has been suggested by a number of

in Towards a just Europe
Those who are both, neither, other, and next

University of Liverpool since 2010. These data reveal a growing cohort of those who are non-aligned politically, those who are of no religion, those who have dual nationality, and those who were born outside Northern Ireland. They also show a fairly stark generational divide in terms of attitudes and political identities and engagement. In order to assess the significance of these groups who disrupt the ‘two communities’ thesis, we need to be able to measure identity change in a divided society. Identities in Northern

in Northern Ireland a generation after Good Friday
Frances McGinnity and Merike Darmody

-generation immigrants – even if they are not first-generation immigrants themselves. Typically, immigrant-origin children are defined as those whose parents – either one or both – are born abroad, though sometimes the focus is on the parents’ country of origin or nationality, and sometimes the focus is on home language, ethnicity, religion or legal status. Immigrant-origin students in Ireland often find themselves in a situation whereby, on the one hand, they are ‘outsiders’ with little familiarity of the nature of the Irish school system. On the other hand

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Willem Maas

of Rome, inspired by the idea that European integration would lead to monetary stability, economic expansion, social protection, a higher standard of living and quality of life, economic and social cohesion, and solidarity among the member states. 4 Importantly, the Treaty of Rome expanded free movement rights to most workers and members of their families, and also copied from the Treaty of Paris the idea of non-discrimination on the basis of nationality (Maas 2005 ). Alongside the expansion of the transnational European Court, the principle of non

in The European Union after Brexit
Abstract only
Northern Ireland’s paralysis in a world of uncertainty

‘This virus knows no borders, no nationality’ 1 It was unusual to see her walk alone across the Great Hall in Stormont towards the waiting press. Without any other Executive ministers or Sinn Féin party colleagues beside her, Michelle O’Neill approached the cameras and made a short statement. As a tour group of nonplussed students looked on, the deputy First Minister called on schools and universities in Northern Ireland to close in an effort to stop the spread of the coronavirus. A ‘global health pandemic’ had

in Northern Ireland a generation after Good Friday
Abstract only
The problem of distributive justice in the EU
João Labareda

Cosmopolitans argue that, since no one chooses their place of birth, no one should, at least in principle, face harsher life prospects because of their nationality. Although it is to different degrees, all (moral) cosmopolitan authors call for substantial redistribution at the global level. 28 In the way in which it is presently framed, the debate does not provide satisfactory answers to the research questions. The EU does not seem to fit in any of these two paradigms: it is neither a state nor a world without borders. This complicates the task of addressing the problem

in Towards a just Europe
François Burgat

used the airport at the time when their fathers were free to use it too—and to visit the Dome of the Rock as they pleased.) In the course of this first encounter, I understood little of that Orient. Little in it was Arab—and even less was Muslim. That Orient was primarily Christian, peopled by a few folkloric Jews in their “Orthodox” getup, countless nuns of all nationalities and orders, Jesuits and monks wandering in a décor strewn with churches, monasteries, convents, and basilicas far more than it was filled with mosques. On returning to France, rashly encouraged

in Understanding Political Islam