technique of mortality effacement. By engaging with literature from
sociological and historical studies of death practice, we argued that
death, security and the emergence of modern rationalism are connected.
Death was not perceived as terrible in the pre-modernera; rather it
only took on those social characteristics during the rise of rationalism
and modernity. Why? Working with the history of death in Western Europe
Over more than thirty years of reform and opening, the Chinese Communist Party has pursued the gradual marketization of China’s economy alongside the preservation of a resiliently authoritarian political system, defying long-standing predictions that ‘transition’ to a market economy would catalyse deeper political transformation. In an era of deepening synergy between authoritarian politics and finance capitalism, Communists constructing capitalism offers a novel and important perspective on this central dilemma of contemporary Chinese development. This book challenges existing state–market paradigms of political economy and reveals the Eurocentric assumptions of liberal scepticism towards Chinese authoritarian resilience. It works with an alternative conceptual vocabulary for analysing the political economy of financial development as both the management and exploitation of socio-economic uncertainty. Drawing upon extensive fieldwork and over sixty interviews with policymakers, bankers, and former party and state officials, the book delves into the role of China’s state-owned banking system since 1989. It shows how political control over capital has been central to China’s experience of capitalist development, enabling both rapid economic growth whilst preserving macroeconomic and political stability. Communists constructing capitalism will be of academic interest to scholars and graduate students in the fields of Chinese studies, social studies of finance, and international and comparative political economy. Beyond academia, it will be essential reading for anyone interested in the evolution of Chinese capitalism and its implications for an increasingly central issue in contemporary global politics: the financial foundations of illiberal capitalism.
From key personal stakeholder to institutional outcast
Shane Kilcommins, Susan Leahy, Kathleen Moore Walsh, and Eimear Spain
principle of its organisation’ (Habermas, 2010 : 125), both of which helped to promote the sense of ‘civilized association’ and an ‘objectivated’ (Habermas, 2004 : 148) criminal process.
From being a cornerstone in the regulation of relations concerning the conflict, victims increasingly found their individual experiences (such a vital currency in the pursuit of justice in the pre-modernera) assimilated into general group will – the public interest. The latter was validated through the institutional architecture of a criminal justice system, whereas the former was
Catholicism’ may obscure
more than it reveals. Do changes of the kind described above actually represent
the death of Catholicism in Ireland or rather the unravelling of the Devotional
Revolution Catholicism constructed after the Great Famine (1845–50)? And
if that Devotional Revolution Catholicism is now in free fall, might some different version of Catholicism emerge in its place? After all, the Catholicisms of
the pre-modernera, the Counter-Reformation, the Penal Law and pre-Famine
era, and of the Devotional Revolution period were of quite different character,
time as others
have undergone radical transformation. Frames concerning the
relationship between ‘socialist’ ideology and the market economy
gave rise to cognitive frames that guided debates within the CCP
over institutional design, providing the motivation and generating
the normative resources for certain actors to stabilize particular
institutional forms and to delegitimize others. The cognitive
frames that have underpinned Chinese political economy both in
the modern and pre-moderneras generated the ideational basis
for the CCP to act simultaneously as the
Comparative Study’, Arab Law Quarterly 2 (1991), 121 and Islamic Studies 30 (1991), 305.
7 See Khaled Abou El Fadl, Rebellion and Violence in Islamic Law (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001).
8 During the formative period of Islamic law (the first three Islamic centuries or the seventh to the tenth centuries AD), the charge of apostasy was typically invoked in cases in which the authority of a state legitimated by religion was challenged by seditious conduct that included collective abdication of the Islamic faith. In the pre-modernera as a