transgressions he should be punished
according to canon law, and legally restrained so that he ceases from these
transgressions in the future, with the penalty to be imposed upon him
reserved to us and to those same auditors, according as it appears to us
plainly from what has transpired before the said commissaries and the report
they have made of it to us.
And so by strict command we entrust to you our order that you
it], then the suit of that tenement shall be held. And if by judgement
he is put in mercy [convicted], he shall make good his transgression,
according to the degree of the crime, by the view of his equals, such
that the fine shall not exceed 10 s. And if one of the burgesses
( burgencium ) should die having made division of his goods
within this lordship, then that division shall stand. If, however, he
hurtful to the lord the king in buying hides, and because
they correct transgressions which ought to be pleaded before the
bailiffs; fined 13 s 4 d. 42 other tanners likewise.
The cobblers fined 20 s
because they have a guild contrary to the prohibition of the lord
king, 15 whereby
they take of their apprentices 2 s , and those who carry on the
of the Borough of Nottingham , 3 vols, London: Quaritch,
1882–85, i, pp. 115–17. Latin, transl. by the editor,
revised by GR.
On 24 October 1330, Robert de
Morewode brings a case against Henry le Waterleader on a plea of
transgression: he complains that as Henry is a common servant
( communis serviens ) to carry water by bushels* to sell
to all men of Nottingham wishing
pontiff kept the bishop of the Venetians, who had gone to the curia regarding
another matter, there on account of this matter as well.
Then through his legates he declared truces between the cities, which he
ordered observed until the coming feast of Saint John the Baptist [24 June
1295] under pain of excommunication, which he ordered applied immediately to
any who transgressed.
. Nonetheless, there are fathers, brothers and fellow students who were witnesses to what you are talking about, and they know that, like a farmer weeding a field, he wielded the word and judgement of correction like a hoe at the first appearance of sin, so that Christ’s harvest would sprout up more abundantly. For he did not behave as some people do and continue to deliberate while transgressions were springing up, but in every case he immediately struck down the source of sin with the sword of his words. How, then, could he be so negligent as to spare his own, when he never
When he had finished speaking, I was reduced to a confused silence. And it is evident that he had no consideration except for what was according to God and because of God, and concerning the emperor and his sons, the fatherland and churches, the chief men and magnates, and the practice of the faith and the salvation of the people, because he did not pursue his own interests in anything, but rather those that were of Christ. Anyone who thinks, therefore, that Arsenius risked exile and death because he committed some transgression 90 in this affair by
are present according to their substances or natures, but only the species of these, under which species the body and blood of Christ are really contained, not only figuratively or tropically, but essentially, substantially and corporally. Hence, Christ is there truly in his own bodily presence: this must be believed, taught and defended strenuously against all who say the opposite.
We therefore exhort you in the Lord, and in our authority we will offer a warning on the occasion of your first, second and third transgressions, and then we will
Alison I. Beach, Shannon M.T. Li, and Samuel S. Sutherland
carefully in Book One. He describes, for example, a struggle between the monastery and Gebhard II’s successor, Bishop Lambert of Constance (r. 995–1018), over his demand for monastic goods to support the diocese of Bamberg, recently established by Henry II. Although Lambert’s demands were in clear violation of the exemptions described in CP 1.37 and 1.38, he persisted in pressing his demands and finally resorted to taking by force treasure given to the monastery by Gebhard II himself. For his transgressions, the chronicler claims with some relish, Lambert was struck down
confess my transgressions unto the Lord, and thou forgavest the
iniquity of my sin’ [Psalms 31:5]. The Lord proffers
forgiveness, not punishment, to a confession that is not extorted by
fear, but rather brought forth in hope of indulgence through
medicinal encouragement, as again he [the Psalmist] says:
‘And of my own will shall I confess to Him’ [Psalms
27:7]; a confession which