This chapter analyses the recent intensification of EU-Japan security relations from a Japanese perspective. After two decades of relatively slow progress and a focus on economic and non-security ties, this chapter focuses on the potential impact of the most ambitious initiative to substantially deepen their security ties, namely the EU-Japan Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA). With the SPA still under negotiation, this chapter asks how this agreement will most likely influence EU-Japan security cooperation, Japan’s potential contribution to EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions, EU-Japan cooperation on banning anti-personnel mines and limiting the illicit trade in small arms, and the significance of defence cooperation between France and the UK with Japan. It also assesses how China’s growing role in international affairs might impact the EU and Japan, and their current and future security cooperation.

in Japan's new security partnerships