In evaluating the interplay of biological and social interpretations of the
incest taboo, most literary commentaries have used fiction to show how
notions of incest have changed historically through the variable of culture;
in these accounts, the biological body remains a constant, whilst society
adapts its parameters for what counts as incest. However, science fiction
introduces material embodiment itself as a variable, as it hypothesises
bodies that can be altered (e.g. through genetics) or even eliminated (e.g.
through virtualising the mind via a computer). Through comparing three
science fiction novels, this chapter evaluates whether such changing types
of embodiment will also change the way in which society approaches the
incest taboo, or even remove it entirely.
The first European Union's (EU) enlargement of the twenty-first century coincides with a period of international tension and transition. Tensions have been apparent over: the war in Iraq, the 'War on Terror', immigration, organised crime, ethnic confrontation, human rights, energy resources and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The EU has made genuine progress in developing its security policies since the launch of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) in the Treaty on European Union (TEU). This book examines the impact that enlargement will have on leadership within the EU, a pre-requisite for policy coherence. It focuses on what has been Europe's most significant region in terms of security challenges and international responses since the end of the Cold War: the Balkan. The book provides an overview of the foreign policy priorities and interests of the new member states (NMS), highlighting areas of match and mismatch with those of the EU fifteen. Counter-terrorism has emerged from the shadows of the EU's Third Pillar, and has been propelled to the forefront of the EU's internal agenda, driven by the demands of the 'War on Terror'. The book discusses the core elements of the EU's emerging common external border management, with a focus on the creation of the EU's new External Borders Agency and the Schengen Borders Code. While the first two are declarative partnership and declarative negativism, the last two reflect the struggle between pragmatism and Soviet-style suspicion of Western bureaucrats.