Migration to and from Ireland is often the subject of definitive claims. During the 1980s, migration from Ireland was most commonly described as a brain drain. Despite the constant flows and counterflows, academic studies tend to focus on just one direction of movement, reflecting dominant concerns at particular points in time. The 1950s and the 1980s are characterized as decades of emigration, the Celtic Tiger era as a period of immigration, and the current recession is manifest as a return to mass emigration. This book addresses the three key themes from a variety of spatial, temporal and theoretical perspectives. The theme of networks is addressed. Transnational loyalist networks acted both to facilitate the speaking tours of loyalist speakers and to re-translate the political meanings and messages being communicated by the speakers. The Irish Catholic Church and specifically its re-working of its traditional pastoral, lobbying and development role within Irish emigrant communities, is discussed. By highlighting three key areas such as motives, institutions and strategies, and support infrastructures, the book suggests that the Irish experience offers a nuanced understanding of the different forms of networks that exist between a state and its diaspora, and shows the importance of working to support the self-organization of the diaspora. Perceptions of belonging both pre- and postmigration encouraged ethnographic research in six Direct Provision asylum accommodation centres across Ireland. Finally, the book provides insights into the intersections between 'migrancy' and other social categories including gender, nationality and class/position in the labour hierarchy.
This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book focuses on particular time periods or particular types of migration and describes three linking themes: networks, belongings and intersections. It discusses the experiences of childhood visits to Ireland by second-generation Irish in England. The book provides an analytical framework for understanding diaspora strategies in general, with a particular focus on the case of Ireland. It explores the role of traditional migrant 'print media' in the lives of migrants in Ireland while also pointing to the centrality of transnational media outlets in the lives of migrants. The book also focuses on Irish migrants to Australia. It then provides insights into the intersections between 'migrancy' and other social categories including gender, nationality and class/position in the labour hierarchy.
This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book offers an insight into the complicated patterns of migration to and from Ireland, and on the ways in which these patterns both mirror and differ from broader patterns of the movement of people. It highlights the range of institutions that enable, facilitate or obstruct migration and/or processes of incorporation, thus allowing for a scalar analysis of migration in place. The book shows the potential of a place-based approach to migration. It focuses on the wide range of female migrants to Ireland: returning Irish, migrants from the EU and West and North Africa, as well as North America and Australasia. The book also highlights the diverse ways in which migrants enter Ireland: as EU nationals, as labour migrants, or as refugees or asylum seekers.
Exploring the experiences of migrant children in Irelandc
Allen White, Naomi Tyrrell, Fina Carpena-Méndez and Caitríona Ní Laoire
This chapter explores the ways in which migrant children and young people construct different senses of belonging in and across multiple scales and as part of their negotiation of their social and cultural identities as migrants and as children/young people. It argues that assumptions that different groups of migrant children and young people do or do not 'belong' in Ireland are simplistic and misleading. The chapter suggests that the lived realities of migrant children and young people in Ireland reveal more multifaceted, complex, sometimes paradoxical senses of belonging to local and transnational communities and de-territorialized groups of people. Global consumer culture can provide a powerful point of connection between children and young people with apparently different cultural backgrounds, placing them within shared frames of reference and facilitating senses of belonging with peers.