Europe, nationalism and left politics

How does the radical left in Europe approach the issue of European governance? How have left-wing voters and parties responded to growing popular criticism of the ‘European project’? And how might they respond in the future? This chapter seeks to answer these questions by, first, locating left-wing criticism of European integration within a historical context. While still partly nationalist in orientation, this left tradition is not necessarily opposed to European integration provided it delivers greater economic justice and equality – the problem with the current pattern of integration is that it tends to do precisely the opposite. Can that pattern be reversed? The chapter briefly discusses some proposals for reversal or reform, but highlights the difficulties faced in trying to implement any such programme of left-wing reform at the European level.

in The European left and the financial crisis