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Transfusing Blood, Science and the Supernatural in Vampire Texts
Aspasia Stephanou

This article examines blood transfusion in vampire texts and its connections to vampirism in order to establish the different ways the body and identity of the vampire, and its victim, are constituted and affected by the dangerous circulation of blood. Vampire texts manifest anxieties about identity that arise through the symbolic value of blood, but also through its increasing medicalisation. Nineteenth-century vampire texts focus on blood‘s symbolisms while twentieth-century texts define blood as a neutral medium to be analysed and explained. In the late twentieth century however, blood becomes the locus of biomedical interventions which affirm respect for tradition, selfish individualism and responsibility.

Gothic Studies
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The vampire and neoliberal subjectivity
Aspasia Stephanou

This chapter examines the figure of the vampire as symptomatic of contemporary neoliberal subjectivity and the way it relates to the current understanding of capitalist relations. The threat of the vampire represents fears of being deprived of life and opportunity, of losing in the neoliberal game. It is possible to argue that today those individuals who are able to adapt to the current state of affairs by playing the neoliberal game and sharpening their fangs against anyone who threatens their selfish interests are the survivors. Given the fact that neoliberal life is predicated on the freedom of consumer choice, the inability to participate due to inadequate financial income results in ostracism, aggression and violence. In this game of fangs only the fittest survive, and an ideology of Social Darwinism is perpetuated that seeks to exclude by spreading fear and polluting relations.

in Neoliberal Gothic
Towards a globalised notion of vampire identity
Aspasia Stephanou

The idea of an online vampire community reveals a desire and nostalgia for an old sense of community which has been eclipsed in contemporary societies, a concept that is, however, regressive and utopian. Online vampire communities argue that they want to be more believable online and do not tolerate the sexualisation of vampiric imagery. They very often court media attention, flaunting and celebrating their stereotyped exoticism through simulated vampire imagery. They become mere figures in a media show that serves the economic interests of corporate television. The US vampire community has tried to create a globalised notion of vampire identity that is less fictional and applies to all individuals from around the world. It has in fact facilitated the uniform spread of a Westernised version of the vampire.

in Globalgothic