This chapter highlights the importance of the ordinary, as a site for enquiring into how people make sense of their world through the routine trajectories that they make and re-make in everyday spaces. It also highlights the spatiality of everyday leisure practices to unravel some of the connections that link these to the occasional leisure practice of holidaying. The chapter presents the lived realities of a particular group of women: lone parents of dependent children living on low incomes in Dublin. In spatial terms, the routine mobilities of the women studied had a lot in common, with most being both limited and highly routinised. The value that many of the women placed on holidaying was accentuated by a general understanding. The understanding was that they were being marginalised and excluded from what had become, during the 1990s and 2000s, a widespread social practice in Ireland.

in Spacing Ireland

This chapter examines the domestic polity of Ireland and the mediating forces to Europeanisation. It outlines the key elements of Irish political and social culture and analyses the way in which these factors have moderated the Europeanisation process. The analysis reveals that the effects of Europeanisation have been filtered by Ireland's complex history, distinctive political culture, social norms, nationalistic penchants and strongly centralised political-administrative structure as well as its geographical and population size.

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland

To what extent did Europeanisation contribute to Ireland's transformation from ‘poor relation’ to being admired and emulated? This book examines how Europeanisation affected Irish policy-making and implementation and how Ireland maximised the policy opportunities arising from membership of the EU while preserving embedded patterns of political behaviour. The book focuses on the complex interplay of European, domestic and global factors as the explanation for the changing character of the ‘Celtic Tiger’. It contests and complements previous accounts of the Europeanisation effect on Ireland's institutions and policies, providing an analysis in view of Ireland's rejection of the Lisbon Treaty in June 2008. The book demonstrates that, although Europeanisation spurred significant institutional and policy change, domestic forces filtered those consequences while global factors induced further adaptation. By identifying and assessing the adaptational pressures in a range of policy areas, the book establishes that, in tandem with the European dimension, domestic features and global developments were key determinants of change and harbingers of new patterns of governance. In challenging the usually unquestioning acceptance of the EU's dominant role in Ireland's transformation, the study adds conceptually and empirically to the literature on Europeanisation. The review of change in discourse, policy paradigms and procedures is complemented by an exploration of change in the economy, regional development, agricultural and rural policy, environmental policy and foreign policy. This analysis provides clear evidence of the uneven impact of Europeanisation, and the salience of domestic and global mediating factors.

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume, which is about the impact of Europeanisation on the patterns of governance in Ireland. It analyses the historical and political dimensions of the Irish state prior to European Economic Community (EEC) membership and the changes after Ireland's entry into the EEC in January 1973. This study also investigates the complex interplay between the domestic and external influences which framed and nurtured Ireland's enigmatic transformation.

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland
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Institutional learning and adaptation to Europe

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the impact of Europeanisation on the pattern of governance in Ireland. It describes the main institutional and policy changes which have arisen out of Europeanisation, while highlighting the limits of such change and stressing the importance of the pre-existing institutional and social structures. It concludes that Europeanisation has a limited explanatory value, which can only account some of the time for why and how change occurs at the domestic level.

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland