This chapter looks at various aspects of inclusion and exclusion for people with disabilities in Ireland. It looks at various aspects using available data from key statistical sources and studies based on them and by focusing on education, poverty and deprivation, and social life and social participation. The impact of disability on broader aspects of participation in the life of the community is also of central relevance to its effects on social inclusion broadly conceived. Social inclusion can be seen as the focus of disability-related policies covering such areas as building standards and the built environment, transport, access to public services and access to health services and education. The chapter discusses the policy issues that arise in seeking to address poverty, notably the level and structuring of income support which plays a central role in Ireland, as in other rich countries.
Ireland represents a valuable case-study of disability and the labour market. People with disabilities face many barriers to full participation in the labour market, and as a consequence, their labour force participation rates and employment rates fall far below those for others of working age. The labour market is at the centre of economic research in the disability domain. This chapter describes the extent to which people with disabilities are in paid work in Ireland. The impact of disability on employment, and on earnings for those who are employed, has been widely studied, including a relatively emphasis on dynamic effects making use of longitudinal data that captures the onset of disability. In order to examine the factors affecting labour force participation and the impact of disability, the chapter focuses on econometric analyses of the microdata from large-scale household surveys.
This book brings together research relating to the economics of disability in Ireland. It addresses key questions of relevance to the economic circumstances of people with disabilities, with emphasis on the relationship between disability and social inclusion, poverty, the labour market, living standards and public policy. Importantly, it also incorporates a life cycle perspective on disability, considering issues of specific relevance to children, working-age adults and older people with disabilities. There is also a focus on issues relating to resource allocation and to wider society, while the book also presents a number of contributions focusing on mental health. The book examines the economics of mental health services and presents a broad overview of key economic issues facing the provision of such services in Ireland. A number of issues are addressed, including the nature and extent of mental illnesses in Ireland, the resources spent on care provided to people with mental illnesses, as well as the economic cost of mental illness in Ireland. The book also examines the socioeconomic determinants of mental stress. It focuses on socioeconomic factors which are most closely associated with mental stress, and considers the socioeconomic determinants of subjective well-being.
A broad measure of consensus has emerged in Ireland and internationally on the nature of disability and the principles that should guide disability policy. Disability is seen as a socioeconomic phenomenon, whereby disabled people are prevented from participating fully in social and economic activities due to the presence of various barriers. This chapter presents some key concepts discussed in this book. The book explores a range of issues and debates of relevance to the economics of disability. It examines the associations between disability and a variety of measures of social inclusion. The book examines the association between the childhood disability status of households and a range of socioeconomic outcome measures, including parental labour market outcomes, levels of parental education, social class and economic hardship. It also examines the economics of mental health services and presents a broad overview of key economic issues facing the provision of such services in Ireland.