This book is a collection of chapters by anthropologists and other social scientists concerned with gendered labour, care, intimacy, and sexuality, in relation to mobility and the hardening of borders in Europe. After a brief introduction outlining the themes and individual contributions, the book begins with a chapter focusing on the parallels between regulation of geo-political and material borders separating nation states and other areas, and ideological and classificatory boundaries categorising kinds of people and bodies. This framing chapter is followed by three sections. The first comprises ethnographic and phenomenological case studies of gendered migration experience, in the context of intimate relations of care and marriage. The second section continues with an continuous with an ethnographic emphasis, but focuses more on studies of regulation, agency, and activism in contexts of migration, labour, and/or (biological) reproduction and how migrants navigate social services in their destination countries. The final section shifts emphasis more in the direction of conceptual discussion and contains analyses of state and church regulation of bodies, sexualities, reproduction and knowledge practices, and of different regimes of care. Overall, a major aim of the book is to illuminate processes of inclusion and exclusion generated by and around borders and boundaries, and the processes by which they are reproduced and/or contested.
In this chapter we provide an in-depth discussion of the main concepts and ideas on which the book is based. We start out with an outline of the historical background, where we look at movements and critical events in European and world history which led to change in both geo-political and ideological/conceptual borders. We move on to a conceptual discussion of borders and border regimes where among other themes we discuss how borders can be both hard militarised places and porous grey spaces, and both physical and imagined sites. This develops into an examination of ways that borders as territorial frontiers and boundaries as internal categorisations are closely aligned, and how these structural and ideological parallels operate in tandem both for those who cross borders and also for citizens within those borders. We explore these parallels in relation to regimes of intimate care, concepts of moral economy, entitlement and ‘deserving-ness’, and processes of reproduction of both persons and domains.
This chapter introduces the readers to the main topics and arguments of the book, and explains its main goal, which is to explore borders and boundaries, both external, geo-political and internal, socio-political, in order to unpack processes of social reproduction and of exclusion and inclusion in Europe. The chapter presents briefly the ethnographic contributions of the book, and the three main sections framing the individual chapters: Part I comprises ethnographic and phenomenological discussions of people’s changing lives as they cross borders; Part II centres around migrants’ navigation of social services in their destination countries, putting at the core questions about rights and limitations on citizenship; and Part III focuses on policy formation at the level of the state in relation to sexuality, reproduction, and care regimes