This chapter presents revised and up-to-date estimates of the direct private economic costs of adult disability in Ireland using the standard of living (SoL) approach. It considers the different methodological approaches available for estimating the economic costs of disability. The methodological approaches include three 'bottom-up' approaches and the SoL approach. The three 'bottom-up' approaches are direct survey approach (DSA), expenditure diary approach (EDA) and budget standard approach (BSA). A study by Indecon for the National Disability Authority used DSA, EDA and SoL approaches is conducted to estimate the economic cost of disability. Survey of Income and Living Conditions Research Microdata File (SILC) is an annual survey conducted by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) to obtain information on the income and living conditions of households. It also collects information on poverty and social exclusion.
This chapter presents a socioeconomic profile of childhood disability in an Irish context. Using data from the Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) survey, it considers a range of dimensions. These include an analysis of the associations between the childhood disability status of a household and a range of socioeconomic indicators relating to labour market outcomes, levels of parental education, social class, income and economic hardship. The chapter compares households with and without a child with a disability on the basis of these socioeconomic measures. The primary carer of a child with a disability is considerably less likely to participate in the labour market and considerably more likely to turn down work opportunities, when compared to a primary carer of a child without a disability. Parents of a child with a disability are less likely to be educated at third level and more likely to be in the lowest social class.
This book brings together research relating to the economics of disability in Ireland. It addresses key questions of relevance to the economic circumstances of people with disabilities, with emphasis on the relationship between disability and social inclusion, poverty, the labour market, living standards and public policy. Importantly, it also incorporates a life cycle perspective on disability, considering issues of specific relevance to children, working-age adults and older people with disabilities. There is also a focus on issues relating to resource allocation and to wider society, while the book also presents a number of contributions focusing on mental health. The book examines the economics of mental health services and presents a broad overview of key economic issues facing the provision of such services in Ireland. A number of issues are addressed, including the nature and extent of mental illnesses in Ireland, the resources spent on care provided to people with mental illnesses, as well as the economic cost of mental illness in Ireland. The book also examines the socioeconomic determinants of mental stress. It focuses on socioeconomic factors which are most closely associated with mental stress, and considers the socioeconomic determinants of subjective well-being.
A broad measure of consensus has emerged in Ireland and internationally on the nature of disability and the principles that should guide disability policy. Disability is seen as a socioeconomic phenomenon, whereby disabled people are prevented from participating fully in social and economic activities due to the presence of various barriers. This chapter presents some key concepts discussed in this book. The book explores a range of issues and debates of relevance to the economics of disability. It examines the associations between disability and a variety of measures of social inclusion. The book examines the association between the childhood disability status of households and a range of socioeconomic outcome measures, including parental labour market outcomes, levels of parental education, social class and economic hardship. It also examines the economics of mental health services and presents a broad overview of key economic issues facing the provision of such services in Ireland.