By the time punk developed as a youth subculture in France, much of the conflict had been played out in the counterculture, throwing into question the meaning of French punk for both its observers and participants. The seemingly rapid establishment of cultural conventions within the punk subculture led many observers in France to define it as a distinctly British phenomenon that had been merely transplanted. As a result, punk had a more limited impact in France than it had in Britain during the 1970s. The relationship between punk and the ideas of the student protests suggested the potential for punk to serve as an instrument to challenge the cultural consensus in France. The importation of punk ideals and musical practices was thwarted by internal dissent among the French concerning its aesthetic values.