This review article charts the general direction of scholarship in James Baldwin
studies between the years 2016 and 2017, reflecting on important scholarly
events and publications of the period and identifying notable trends in
criticism. Surveying the field as a whole, the most notable features are the
“political turn” that seeks to connect Baldwin’s social
insights from the past to the present, and the ongoing access to and interest in
the Baldwin archive. In addition to these larger trends, there is continued
interest in situating Baldwin in national, regional, and geographical contexts
as well as interest with how he grapples with and illuminates issues of gender
James Baldwin, the Religious Right, and the Moral
In the 1980s, James Baldwin recognized that a major transformation had occurred in the
socio-political functions of religion. His critique adapted accordingly, focusing on the
ways in which religion—particularly white evangelical Christianity—had morphed into a
movement deeply enmeshed with mass media, conservativepolitics, and late capitalism.
Religion in the Reagan era was leveraged, sold, and consumed in ways never before seen,
from charismatic televangelists, to Christian-themed amusement parks, to mega-churches.
The new movement was often characterized as the “religious right” or the “Moral Majority”
and was central to both Reagan’s political coalition as well as the broader culture wars.
For Baldwin, this development had wide-ranging ramifications for society and the
individual. This article draws on Baldwin’s final major essay, “To Crush the Serpent”
(1987), to examine the author’s evolving thoughts on religion, salvation, and
transgression in the context of the Reagan era.