Domesticating the documentary archive

Un instante en la vida ajena/A Glimpse of Other Lives, directed by José Luis López-Linares as an 80-minute documentary, chronicles the cosmopolitan modernity of the Catalan upper classes. The Madronita Andreu film also invites the spectator to reflect at the direct evidence of the Civil War and postwar hardship and repression. Documentary cinema in Spain, nearly dormant during the years of the Franco dictatorship when non-fiction filmmaking fell under the control of the organism created to produce the official newsreel, the NO-DO, has seen a rebirth that has accelerated since the year 2000. Any analysis of A Glimpse must take into account the growing attention being paid to domestic cinema as a genre. While no doubt falling short of the profound sense of historical irony generated by the work of Péter Forgács, A Glimpse also carries its own melancholy awareness of the mortality of individuals and nations.

in Spanish cinema 1973–2010
Abstract only
Gracita Morales

This chapter analyses the typification and standardisation of the voice in Spanish cinema, which is argued as the result of a long history of film dubbing, with its strict codification of vocal types according to gender and role. This practice has resulted in a series of unwritten rules and expectations that continue to shape and restrict the kinds of voices that Spanish audiences hear on screen. Under these norms, while non-standard voices may be permitted and are even cultivated for comic and character parts, leading roles continue to demand what the chapter calls the ‘phonogenic’ expression of unproblematically feminine and masculine identities. With her unmistakable, high-pitched voice, the chapter shows how Gracita Morales was inevitably slotted into supporting roles, her child-like affect and lack of verbal inhibition put to classic comic ends as weapons used to skewer the pretensions of a would-be upwardly mobile and modernizing middle class. Despite being categorised in this manner, Gracita Morales become an example of what Kathleen Rowe calls ‘unruly women’, female comics who by talking back and laughing loudly claim their right to a traditionally male privilege, thereby challenging the notion of comedy as a male-dominated genre.

in Performance and Spanish film