A critical assessment of the military-to-military dimension of the U.S.–India security partnership
M. Chris Mason

The sector of the U.S.–India security partnership involving direct uniformed military-to-uniformed military engagement is a case of the whole being less than the sum of the parts. Comprised mostly of annual joint Army, Navy and Air Force exercises, the military-to-military relationship suffers, in the U.S. view, from a reluctance on the part of the government of India to commit to training for potential future combat scenarios. The exercises remain small: in the case of the air forces, sporadic and limited in nature; in the case of the land exercises less than a battalion of men on each side participate; and in the case of the naval maneuvers, exercises are explicitly limited to non-combat missions and scenarios and avoid the exchange of real-time data and classified communications. More importantly, the military-to-military relationship is hindered by very different military structures and strategies. Behind the photo ops, there is less than meets the eye.

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation

This book deals with the evolution, current status and potential of U.S.–India strategic cooperation. From very modest beginnings, the U.S.–India strategic partnership has developed significantly over the decade 2010–20. In considerable part this growth has stemmed from overlapping concerns about the rise and assertiveness of the People’s Republic of China as well as the instability of Pakistan. Despite the emergence of this partnership, however, significant differences remain. Some of them stem from Cold War legacies, others from divergent global strategic interests and from differences in institutional design. Despite these areas of discord, the overall trajectory of the relationship appears promising. Increased cooperation in several sectors of the relationship and closer policy coordination underscore a deepening of the relationship, while fundamental differences in national approaches to strategic challenges demand flexibility and compromise in the future.

The future of U.S.–India strategic cooperation
Šumit Ganguly and M. Chris Mason

This introduction provides an overview of the contributions from a range of American and Indian scholars and strategic analysts on the origins, evolution and prospects of the U.S.–Indian strategic partnership. It covers a gamut of bilateral issues ranging from cybersecurity, counterterrorism, military-to-military cooperation and defense technology transfers to space cooperation and intelligence

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation