This chapter examines the development of Ireland's diaspora strategy from 2000. It provides an analytical framework through which diaspora strategies might be best understood, and considers some important criticisms of the diaspora for development agenda. The chapter draws three aspects of this framework for further scrutiny: motives, institutions and strategies, and supporting infrastructures. It focuses on changing motives of the Irish state towards its diaspora, the institutions and strategies which are overseeing Ireland's diaspora policies, and the quality and effectiveness of the supporting or flanking infrastructures upon which Ireland depends. The chapter also focuses on how Ireland is seeking to refresh, re-energize and build anew its relationships with its diaspora. It concludes by identifying a number of questions which the further development of an Irish diaspora strategy might usefully address.