This chapter focuses on the admonition of an abbot of Frankish origin who came from southern France and made his monastic career in southern Italy. The innovative idea presented in the Sermo de cupiditate, written between 777 and 778, was the political use of the discourse of corruption: a discourse that would play a crucial role all over the Frankish empire shortly afterwards. According to his own account, Ambrose Autpertus recorded in the Sermo over eighty passages from Scripture, confronting his readership with a comprehensive repertoire of such criticism. Despite this impressive diversity the author remains sceptical with regard to the success of his efforts. In the very beginning of the Sermo he refers to the praedicatores of the Old and the New Testaments, whom he compares with strong peasants who try to reclaim land with their tools.