Michael Newman

One key aspect of characterization is the construction of character psychology, the attribution to fictional representations of beliefs and desires, personality traits, and moods and emotions. Characters are products of social cognition, the human propensity for making sense of others. However, they are also products of artists who fashion them to appeal to our nature as social beings. Through an analysis of Todd Solondz‘s Welcome to the Dollhouse (1995), this paper describes three processes of social cognition which are crucial for audiovisual characterization: folk psychology, causal attribution, and emotion expressions.

Film Studies
From Parliamentary Socialism to ‘Bennism’
Michael Newman

In order to help our understanding of Parliamentary Socialism, and situate it firmly in its intended context, this chapter explains the evolution of Ralph Miliband's thinking about the Labour Party. The chapter analyses his wider assumptions about the political change and the role of parties. It then suggests that these were based on an attempt to understand both objective socio-political circumstances and subjective intentions and convictions. The chapter explains both the continuities and the changes in Miliband's view of the Labour Party between the 1950s and the 1990s. If Miliband's role in relation to 'Bennism' is considered in comparison to his earlier attitudes, some striking points emerge about the interaction between the analytical and subjective aspects in his interpretive framework. Miliband tried to suggest that the downfall of communism was advantageous for the Left, given the extent to which the Soviet regimes had long embarrassed Western socialists such as himself.

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Michael Newman

The early New Left in Britain included many intellectual 'heavyweights', but Edward Palmer Thompson certainly played a pivotal role because of his intellectual prowess, personal charisma and the enormous amount of time and energy he devoted to the project. In Britain, at the beginning of 1956, there appeared to be few openings for the Left. The New Reasoner (NR) would remain closely associated with the opinion of ex-Communists, with Ralph Miliband, the only member of its editorial board who had not previously been in the Communist Party (CP). Thompson regarded himself as an historian, rather than a political theorist, and his contributions were necessarily too brief and ephemeral to have constituted a work of synthesis. Thompson's critique of the work of Raymond Williams in a two-part review article, which considered both Culture and Society and The Long Revolution.

in E. P. Thompson and English radicalism