Nicholas Rees

This chapter investigates how Europeanisation has impacted on Ireland's economy and the implementation of economic policy. It considers the pre-existing policies and polity that existed prior to European Economic Community (EEC) membership with a view to understanding the underlying domestic political and economic arrangements, which shaped Ireland's economy. This chapter also considers Ireland's significant moves from protectionism to partnership and its adaptation to the strictures of the single market.

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland
Nicholas Rees

This chapter focuses on Ireland's foreign relations especially its place and role in international affairs. It explains that involvement in the European Union had a considerable influence on both the formulation and conduct of Ireland's foreign policy and illustrates how an established policy area was fundamentally affected and shaped by Europeanisation. This chapter looks at the adaptation and change that occurred in institutional structures and policy over the period since membership and evaluates the sources and degree of policy learning and adaptation.

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland
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A catalyst for change
Nicholas Rees and Bernadette Connaughton

This chapter investigates whether Europeanisation has been a catalyst for change in the pattern of governance in Ireland. It presents a theoretical framework for understanding the effects of Europeanisation on Ireland and relates the various conceptualisations of Europeanisation to the Irish case. This chapter contends that while Europeanisation has influenced changes in Irish policy-making and implementation, the impact of Europeanisation was mediated by domestic forces. It also analyses the way in which key variables such as intergovernmental relations, political parties and cultural values have been affected to differing degrees by Europeanisation.

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland

To what extent did Europeanisation contribute to Ireland's transformation from ‘poor relation’ to being admired and emulated? This book examines how Europeanisation affected Irish policy-making and implementation and how Ireland maximised the policy opportunities arising from membership of the EU while preserving embedded patterns of political behaviour. The book focuses on the complex interplay of European, domestic and global factors as the explanation for the changing character of the ‘Celtic Tiger’. It contests and complements previous accounts of the Europeanisation effect on Ireland's institutions and policies, providing an analysis in view of Ireland's rejection of the Lisbon Treaty in June 2008. The book demonstrates that, although Europeanisation spurred significant institutional and policy change, domestic forces filtered those consequences while global factors induced further adaptation. By identifying and assessing the adaptational pressures in a range of policy areas, the book establishes that, in tandem with the European dimension, domestic features and global developments were key determinants of change and harbingers of new patterns of governance. In challenging the usually unquestioning acceptance of the EU's dominant role in Ireland's transformation, the study adds conceptually and empirically to the literature on Europeanisation. The review of change in discourse, policy paradigms and procedures is complemented by an exploration of change in the economy, regional development, agricultural and rural policy, environmental policy and foreign policy. This analysis provides clear evidence of the uneven impact of Europeanisation, and the salience of domestic and global mediating factors.

Nicholas Rees, Bríd Quinn and Bernadette Connaughton

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume, which is about the impact of Europeanisation on the patterns of governance in Ireland. It analyses the historical and political dimensions of the Irish state prior to European Economic Community (EEC) membership and the changes after Ireland's entry into the EEC in January 1973. This study also investigates the complex interplay between the domestic and external influences which framed and nurtured Ireland's enigmatic transformation.

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland
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Institutional learning and adaptation to Europe
Nicholas Rees, Bríd Quinn and Bernadette Connaughton

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the impact of Europeanisation on the pattern of governance in Ireland. It describes the main institutional and policy changes which have arisen out of Europeanisation, while highlighting the limits of such change and stressing the importance of the pre-existing institutional and social structures. It concludes that Europeanisation has a limited explanatory value, which can only account some of the time for why and how change occurs at the domestic level.

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland