This chapter describes 203 post-1980 Irish immigrants in Australia, one of Ireland's most distant emigrant destinations. Immigrants from both Northern Ireland (NI) and the Republic of Ireland (ROI) are included, thereby providing an all-island, Catholic-Protestant perspective and giving voice to the oft- invisible NI diaspora contingent. In Australia the parameters of belonging were challenged, particularly for those NI Protestants who had self-identified as Northern Irish or British. Emigrants generally 'are cut off from the representation of an important strand of their histories by a series of absence from spaces of cultural reproduction, in education, memorials and popular culture'. Throughout Australia, many ethno-cultural organizations specifically cater for Irish immigrants. In the past such organizations provided important focal points for Irish immigrants, not only as social venues but also as an entree into the ethno-cultural employment network.