Susan Bruce argues that in Francis Bacon's utopia of Bensalem, St Thomas More's male gaze of desire is replaced by a scientific elaboration of the value of male potency and procreation as a kind of state enterprise. In the New Atlantis, the voyage allows Bacon to incorporate his scientific ideal within the society of Bensalem. The plain style of the travel narrative accorded well with Bacon's own ideal prose. As a travel narrative, the New Atlantis is full of allusions to the significance of colonial endeavours by England and its competing European powers in the quest for possession, as well as knowledge. Pedro Fernandez de Quiros' Terra Australis Incognita is his account of a Portuguese voyage which reached Vanuatu, but Quiros was convinced that he had reached the Great South Land and campaigned constantly for a colonising expedition.
This chapter talks about Mary Wroth's publication of Urania that will be familiar to many people. It sets out the scene for an analysis of the circulation and recirculation of her vituperative poetic exchange with Edward Denny. Wroth's dangerous supplement, which transformed Denny's male poem into a positive, hermaphroditic hybrid, was repressed. By adding her own libel to Denny's in a process that turned his poem inside out, Wroth created a kind of literary hermaphrodite: a conjoined poem that spliced her defence of her female authorship onto his misogynistic slur. In his poem, Denny called Wroth a 'Hermophradite in show', attempting to figure her as the 'monster' he claims she has become because of her 'deed' in writing her romance.