Open Access (free)
Medicine and culture in the nineteenth century

This collaborative volume explores changing perceptions of health and disease in the context of the burgeoning global modernities of the long nineteenth century. During this period, popular and medical understandings of the mind and body were challenged, modified, and reframed by the politics and structures of ‘modern life’, understood in industrial, social, commercial, and technological terms. Bringing together work by leading international scholars, this volume demonstrates how a multiplicity of medical practices were organised around new and evolving definitions of the modern self. The study offers varying and culturally specific definitions of what constituted medical modernity for practitioners around the world in this period. Chapters examine the ways in which cancer, suicide, and social degeneration were seen as products of the stresses and strains of ‘new’ ways of living in the nineteenth century, and explore the legal, institutional, and intellectual changes that contributed to both positive and negative understandings of modern medical practice. The volume traces the ways in which physiological and psychological problems were being constituted in relation to each other, and to their social contexts, and offers new ways of contextualising the problems of modernity facing us in the twenty-first century.

Open Access (free)
Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown and Sally Shuttleworth

The introduction demonstrates that nineteenth-century advances in the fields of technology, science, and medicine, while clearly constituting ‘progress’ for some, nonetheless prompted deep concern about the problems and pathologies that could potentially be induced by modern life. An increasing number of references to the problems of ‘modern times’ and the ‘wear and tear’ of modern life can be traced throughout the nineteenth-century medical and general press across national boundaries and cultures, in nations with distinctive politics, practices, and body imaginaries. Taking up the concept of ‘modernity’ as a self-referential concept, employed and applied within any given social and cultural moment by those seeking to express what they regard as new conditions in the social order, we outline the central aim of our volume: to track a range of anxieties and varieties of experience, as they were expressed and explored in the literature, science, and medicine of the time. The volume explores their impact upon social, cultural, and medical formations of the mind and body.

in Progress and pathology