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Shayk Muhammad Afifi Al-Akiti

This chapter presents the fatwa or 'response by a qualified Muslim Scholar' against the killing of civilians written by the Oxford-based Malaysian jurist of the Shafii School. Shaykh Muhammad Afifi al-Akiti's Defending the transgressed by censuring the reckless against the killing of Civilians offer some guidance on the issue of targeting civilians and civilian centres by suicide bombing. The chapter also provides an alphabetical glossary of Arabic terms. In a Muslim state, decisions on questions relating to ceasefire, peace settlement and the judgment of prisoners of war can be taken by the executive or political authority or by a subordinate authority appointed by the former authority. The result in Islamic jurisprudence is: if a Muslim carries out an attack voluntarily, he becomes a murderer and not a martyr or a hero and he will be punished for it in the Next World.

in ‘War on terror’
Shayk Muhammad Afifi Al-Akiti and H.A. Hellyer
in ‘War on terror’