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Alison Hulme

Puritans, Quakers and Methodists and the impact of religious thrift on social, economic and cultural attitudes and behaviour. Chapter  3 follows this by examining how Benjamin Franklin secularised the thrift of his forefathers, making it a specifically American value at the time, and how this had its European counterparts through Victorian 5 Introduction 5 moralism. In ­chapter 4 the spiritual, some would argue political, thrift of Henry Thoreau is posited as an antidote to Franklin and what came before, and his insistence on thrift as a sensuous practice is analysed

in A brief history of thrift
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Ginger S. Frost

affinity and consanguinity laws, and any further secularisation of marriage. As a result, some poor couples resented the power of the church and its fees and avoided marriage altogether, and middle-class couples married elsewhere. Similarly, reformers often saw the church as a major obstacle to ‘sensible’ marriage and divorce laws, since the church insisted on defining marriage as a sacrament, and, thus, indissoluble. In this way, the church drove otherwise conventional people out of the fold. On the other hand, some churches, like dissenting congregations and the

in Living in sin
Valentina Vitali

country’s politics of secularisation. In 1975 Indira Gandhi, accused of THE HINDI HORROR FILMS OF THE RAMSAY BROTHERS 131 corrupt practices during her 1971 election campaign, was debarred from politics for six years. This event and the formation of a multi-party Janata Front, culminating in a major rally calling on the army and police to disobey illegal orders, led Indira Gandhi to declare the state of emergency. Two years later, for the first time since independence, the Congress, still led by Indira Gandhi, was defeated in the general election. The Janata Party, a

in Capital and popular cinema
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Imagining socialism and communism in Algeria
Allison Drew

Christianity were both imagined international communities and aspirant global religions. In Algeria religious divisions reinforced the great social and political divisions between the settler and indigenous populations: Europeans were overwhelmingly Christian, while the Algerian majority was overwhelmingly Muslim. While the secular French state and its European settlers imposed an anti-Islamic secularisation

in We are no longer in France
Christina Petraglia

reminded of his inevitable mortality in a modern world where ‘tame death’ (Ariès, 1981 : 603–5), which is accompanied by an afterlife, no longer necessarily exists. In his essay ‘The Uncanny’ (1919), Freud emphasises the modern shift in the double’s meaning in relation to death: while in primitive times, the double was ‘an assurance of immortality’, in a secularised world, the

in The Gothic and death
From universalisation to relativism
David Bruce MacDonald

excellent means for keeping the people together, so that the assumption of eternal antisemitism would even imply an eternal guarantee of Jewish existence. This superstition, a secularised travesty of the idea of eternity inherent in a faith in chosenness and a Messianic hope, has been strengthened through the fact that for many centuries the Jews experienced the Christian brand of hostility which was indeed a powerful agent of preservation, spiritually as well as politically.9 For some Zionist thinkers, the role of anti-Semitism as a constant foil to Jewish aspirations

in Balkan holocausts?
Open Access (free)
Towards an archaeology of modernism
Jay Bernstein

biographical form of the classical novel, paralleling the ambitions and trajectory of secularising modernity, chartered the formation, education, quest and achievement of identity and worldliness of its bourgeois heroes and heroines. What was previously narrative and adventure becomes in Flaubert a stutter, every appointment of learning a site for blindness, every posting of hope a tour of disappointment, each potential moment of formation a blank; the best there ever was, its protagonists conclude, is the memory of the adolescent visit to the local bordello – a visit, we

in The new aestheticism
John Anderson

process had consequences rarely foreseen by the progenitors of change, with the growth of tolerance and individualism contributing to a process of gradual secularisation as the intellectual certainties of religion withered away, and belief was increasingly confined to the private sphere. 32 Over the next hundred years or so, this religious–political debate was to shift across the Atlantic and play a key role in shaping democratic development and thought. Protestantism and the birth of American democracy For many of

in Christianity and democratisation
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Marco Barducci

Politic and De Cive. 62 The essays of Skinner, which appeared between 1965 and 2002, interpreted post-1649 writing in the light of the categories of ‘modernisation’ and ‘secularisation’, and like Zagorin, linked the work of Ascham to the intellectual origins of Hobbes’s political thought. In 1965 Skinner affirmed that Ascham and other ‘Engagers’ elaborated ‘a fully articulated and rationalist theory

in Order and conflict
Contingency or transcendence formula of law?
Gunther Teubner

transcendence, which he separates strictly from religious transcendence. While Luhmann concentrates the experience of transcendence in one world of meaning, namely religion, thus implicitly excluding other social spheres, Derrida's deconstructive thought liberates it from this isolation and brings back the disquieting awareness of transcendence into the highly rationalised and secularised worlds of the economy, of

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis